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Category Archive: Literature

Grimm Brothers and Fairy Tales

Grimm Brothers and Fairy Tales

Grimm Brothers and Fairy Tales


The brothers Jacob Karl and Wilhelm Karl Grimm were German scholars. They collected some of the Western world’s most popular stories. The German brothers put together a famous book of folktales that has been published in at least 70 languages. In addition, they are known for their work in comparative linguistics, which included the formulation of Grimm’s law.
Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm was born on January 4, 1785, in the German village of Hanau. Wilhelm Carl was born on February 24, 1786. The brothers first attended school in Kassel, then began legal studies at the University of Marburg.
While in their 20s the brothers began collecting folktales for a friend, who wanted to publish a collection of tales. But the friend never used the tales, so the Grimms decided to publish them. The first volume of the tales was published in 1812. It was called Children’s and Household Tales.
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Janusz Korczak – Old Doctor

Janusz Korczak - Old Doctor

Janusz Korczak – Old Doctor


Everyone knows that Janusz Korczak was a teacher and writer. But not everyone knows that his main profession was a doctor. In pre-war Poland, Janusz Korczak was called Pan Old Doctor.
Henryk Goldszmit, known worldwide as Janusz Korczak, was born on July 22, 1878 in Warsaw into the family of a famous Moscow lawyer and writer. Parents were not very interested in raising his son, and he grew up as a closed, shy child, immersed in the world of his fantasies.
When Henryk was seven years old, he was sent to a Russian gymnasium, where he studied Latin, French, German, Greek and many other subjects.
In 1889 the Goldszmit family experienced a great shock: the father had signs of mental illness. He was placed in a special clinic. Money for treatment soon ended, the mother had to sell paintings, porcelain, furniture… The prosperous life was over. To support the family, the young man had to give lessons to children from wealthy families. For the first time he proved himself to be a capable teacher.
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Thomas Mann – regarded German novelist

Thomas Mann - regarded German novelist

Thomas Mann – regarded German novelist


Thomas Mann was a highly regarded German novelist and social critic of the 20th century. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1929, and his works were considered classics by the end of his life.
Paul Thomas Mann was born on June 6, 1875 in Lübeck, Germany, into a prosperous middle-class family. He was one of five children of a north German patrician merchant and senator in the city government. His mother was from Rio de Janeiro, the daughter of a German planter and a woman of Portuguese-Creole origin. When his father died, the family moved to Munich. When he was a schoolboy, he wrote in his personal diary every day.
In 1905, he married Katia Pringsheim, the only daughter of a professor in Munich. She devoted herself to him, his career, and their six children. Two of Mann’s six children, Erika and Klaus, were talented writers in their own right, and his son Golo was a noted historian.
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Omar Khayyam – Persian poet and astronomer

Omar Khayyam - Persian poet and astronomer

Omar Khayyam – Persian poet and astronomer


Omar Khayyam was a Persian astronomer, mathematician, and poet.
Omar Khayyam was born in May 1048 in Nishapur, Persia (present-day Iran). His name means “tent maker”, the likely profession of his father. During his lifetime he was known as a mathematician and astronomer. He also studied philosophy.
As a young man he worked in Samarkand under the patronage of the Seljuk ruler, Malik Shah, during which time he wrote the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra. In the commentary he is concerned with the foundations of geometry. Khayyam also wrote a commentary on the Principles of Euclid, in which he developed the theory of relations and proportions and the doctrine of parallel. And there Khayyam expressed a number of interesting thoughts that influenced the further development of mathematics.
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George Sand – French novelist

George Sand - French novelist

George Sand – French novelist


George Sand was French novelist, the most successful woman writer of her century.
Armandine Aurore Lucille Dupin (her real name) was born on July 1, 1804 in Paris. Her father, Maurice Dupin, was a soldier of the Empire, and her mother was the daughter of a professional bird fancier. Aurore’s father died when she was still a child. At the age of 14 the girl went to the convent of the Dames Augustines Anglaises in Paris. Then her grandmother called her to her home in Nohant, where Aurore studied nature, practiced medicine, read a lot. Her eccentric tutor encouraged her to wear men’s clothing while horseback riding.
At 19 Aurore married Casimir Dudevant, the son of a baron and a servant girl. She had a platonic relationship with Aurelien de Seze, but soon she began to realize that it was impossible to sustain love without physical passion.
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Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer

Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer

Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer


Lion Feuchtwanger was a German writer of Jewish origin. He lived and wrote in political exile for the last quarter-century of his life. His masterwork, Success, is one of the great novels of the 20th century.
Lion Feuchtwanger was born on July 7, 1884, in Munich, Germany. He was the son of a wealthy Jewish industrialist. Lion studied philosophy, literature, ancient and modern languages at Berlin and Munich universities. While still a student he composed three short plays – Joel, King Saul, and Uriah’s Wife. From 1908 to 1911 he became a drama critic for Die Schaubühne (The Stage). In 1912 Lion married Martha Loffler.
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Jaroslav Hasek – Czech writer

Jaroslav Hasek - Czech writer

Jaroslav Hasek – Czech writer


Brilliant talent of Jaroslav Hašek brought Czech literature world recognition. He was a Czech satirist writer, anarchist, playwright, journalist, commissar of the Red Army. He was the author of approximately 1500 different stories, feuilletons and other works.
Jaroslav Hašek was born on April 30, 1883 in Prague. At first he worked at a pharmacy. However, instead of daily work, he went on a hiking trip. Together with a company of teenagers he travelled in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Moravia. In 1899 Jaroslav entered the Trade Academy and graduated in 1902. In the same year he began to work in the bank Slavia. He began to work in October and already in the winter he went travelling without telling anyone about this. For the first time the administration of the bank forgave him. However, after a short time, in May 1903 he missed again and was fired.
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