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Category Archive: Literature

Karel Capek – Czech writer

Karel Capek - Czech writer

Karel Capek – Czech writer


Karel Capek is one of the most famous Czech writers of the 20th century. He was a prose writer, playwright, translator, and science fiction writer. He is the author of the famous plays The Makropulos Affair (Věc Makropulos, 1922), The Mother (Matka, 1938), The RUR (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti, 1920), the novels The Factory for the Absolute (Továrna na absolutno, 1922), Krakatit (1922), Hordubal (1933), Meteor (Povětroň, 1934), Ordinary life (Obyčejný život, 1934), The war with Salamanders (Válka s mloky, 1936), The First Rescue (První parta, 1937), The Life and Work of the Composer Foltyn (Život a dílo skladatele Foltýna, 1939, not finished), as well as numerous stories, essays, satirical articles, tales, and travel notes. He was a translator of modern French poetry.
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Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer


Ray Bradbury is a great science fiction writer known for the dystopia Fahrenheit 451, the cycle of short stories Martian Chronicles and partly autobiographical novel Dandelion Wine. He created lasting images of a futuristic world. Over the course of a long career he had written over 500 works, including short stories, poems, novels, and plays for theater and television. Bradbury described himself as a fantasist rather than a science fiction writer.
Raymond Douglas Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. Then his family moved to Los Angeles, where he graduated from high school in 1938. He was the third son of Spaulding Bradbury and Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury. It is interesting that the boy received his second name Douglas in honor of the famous actor Douglas Fairbanks.
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Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer


Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a British author and physician who popularized the detective genre of literature. He is remembered more for his brilliant detective character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh. He was the eldest son of Charles Altimont Doyle and his wife, Mary Foley.
In 1869, Doyle was enrolled in Hodder Preparatory, a Jesuit school in Lancashire. Two years later he attended the Jesuit college, Stonyhurst School. He traveled to Austria, where he spent a year studying German. In 1876, he entered Edinburgh University to study medicine. In his third year in medical school Doyle began to write fiction to support himself. In 1885 he received a doctor of medicine degree. Doyle worked as a ship’s doctor.
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Gustave Flaubert – French novelist

Gustave Flaubert - French novelist

Gustave Flaubert – French novelist

Gustave Flaubert was a French novelist. His most famous work is the novel Madame Bovary (1857), which describes discontented life of a provincial wife. Flaubert influenced many other writers, including Joseph Conrad and the Italian novelist Giovanni Verga. Flaubert developed a new school of writing known as realism. The author portrays real-life scenarios and does not judge the character, but leaves the reader to do so.
Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen into the family of doctors. His father was a successful surgeon. At the age of 15, Flaubert fell platonically in love with an older married woman, Elisa Schlesinger, and remembered her ever after as a pure and unsullied love.
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Heinrich Mann – German novelist

Heinrich Mann - German novelist

Heinrich Mann – German novelist


Heinrich Mann was a German novelist, essayist, and social critic. He achieved his greatest success with his critiques of German society. He was Thomas Mann’s elder brother.
Heinrich Mann was born on March 27, 1871 in northern Germany into a patriarchal merchant family. His father, Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann, became the owner of the trading firm Firma Joh. Siegm. Mann, Commissions- und Speditionsgeschäfte in 1882, after the death of his grandfather. His mother, Julia Mann, nee Silva-Bruns, came from a family with Brazilian roots. Heinrich had two brothers and two sisters: a brother, famous writer Thomas Mann (1875-1955), a younger brother Victor (1890-1949) and two sisters – Julia (1877-1927, suicide) and Karla (1881-1910, suicide).
After school Mann went to Dresden and a year later began working for a publishing house in Berlin. At first he wrote impressions, sketches, novelettes, and some poetry.
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Alphonse Daudet – French novelist

Alphonse Daudet - French novelist

Alphonse Daudet – French novelist


Alphonse Daudet was the French novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer. He is remembered for his regionalist sketches of Provence and for his role in the evolution of 19th century theater.
Alphonse Daudet was born in 1840 in Nimes. His father was a silk manufacturer, who had to abandon business in 1849 and move the family to Lyons. In 1857 the Daudets lost everything and the family became scattered. His elder brother Ernest brought him to Paris and encouraged the boy’s literary talents. A collection of love verses, Les Amoureuses, represented debut for Alphonse.
In 1868 Daudet’s first long work, Le Petit Chose (The Little Good-for-nothing), was completed.
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Eugene Pottier – author of Internationale

Eugene Pottier – author of Internationale

Eugene Pottier – author of Internationale


Eugene Pottier was a French revolutionary, anarchist, author of the Internationale, member of the First International and member of the Paris Commune of 1871.
Eugene Edine Pottier was born on October 4, 1816 in Paris.
Eugene published his first collection of poems at the age of fourteen. The young poet responded to the events of the July Revolution of 1830. The poet took part in the June uprising of the Parisian proletariat. In the days of violent class battles, Pottier called for demolishing of the dilapidated building of the old society, declaring that the people themselves want to become the “masters of their destiny”.
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