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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Politics

Nelson Mandela – South African leader

Nelson Mandela - South African leader

Nelson Mandela – South African leader

Nelson Mandela fought against apartheid. It was an official policy of the government of South Africa that separated people according to their race and color. During World War II, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC), and later became one of its leaders. They fought for the freedom of the black people in South Africa. In 1962 Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison. The next year, he was found guilty on more charges and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1990 South Africa’s president, F.W. de Klerk, ordered Mandela’s release. De Klerk, together with Mandela, worked to change South Africa into a country where all races would have equal rights. In 1994 Mandela became South Africa’s first black president.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Umtata, South Africa. He was the eldest child of his father’s third wife, Nosekeni Fanny. The boy was called Rolihlahla. He was given the name Nelson Mandela at age seven when he attended a mission school. He became the first member of his family to do so.
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Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey was the leader of the worldwide movement for the rights of blacks. He was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). He offered new hope for working-class Blacks in the 1920s. Garvey’s clarion call for Black nationalism resonated primarily among lower- and working-class blacks and inspired numerous Black mass-appeal leaders and movements.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born on August 17, 1887 in Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, then British colonial possession. He attended school until the age of 14. As a young man, Garvey moved to Kingston, where he worked as a printer and editor. He travelled extensively in the West Indies and Central America and lived briefly in England. Garvey became convinced that Black people suffered a sort of universal cultural and economic exploitation wherever they lived outside Africa.
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Ivan Mazepa – Cossack leader

Ivan Mazepa - Cossack leader

Ivan Mazepa – Cossack leader


Ivan Mazepa (ca. 1644-1709) was the Ukrainian Cossack leader, Hetman.
Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa was raised in Poland and educated in the West. In 1663 he returned to Ukraine to enter the military service during the turbulent period of Ukrainian history known as the Ruin. Mazepa reached the rank of inspector general while still in his early 30s.
In 1687 he was elected hetman (chief) of the Ukrainian Cossack state. Mazepa managed to build new schools and churches, but his chief goal became the freeing of his people from Russian domination and the formation of an independent state including all of the Ukraine.
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Hernan Cortes – Spanish conquistador

Hernan Cortes - Spanish conquistador

Hernan Cortes – Spanish conquistador

Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador, who conquered the great Aztec Empire in 1521. Thanks to him, in the 1520s people in Europe began to use vanilla and chocolate.
Fernando Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano was born in 1485 in Medellin, Spain. For two years he studied at the University of Salamanca, but chose a military career. At age 19 he sailed for the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies.
In 1510-1514 he participated in an expedition under the command of Diego de Velazquez to conquer Cuba. Cortes became mayor of Santiago, the capital.
On November 8, 1519, Cortes marched into the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City). The Aztec emperor Montezuma II welcomed Cortes because he thought he was a god of Aztec legend. Cortes quickly seized power. In 1522-1526 he was a captain-general of the newly formed colony, but because of the fierce struggle for power he returned to Europe in 1528.
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Paul Revere – hero of American Revolution

Paul Revere - hero of American Revolution

Paul Revere – hero of American Revolution

Paul Revere was an American artisan, silversmith in the second generation. He was one of the most famous heroes of the American Revolution.
Paul Revere was born in Boston on December 21, 1734 according to the Julian calendar (January 1, 1735, new style). He was a descendant of French Huguenots who fled from the violence and oppression of Louis XIV. His father Apollos Rivoire (1702-1754) arrived in Boston at the age of 13 and later became the owner of the silversmith shop and married a descendant of the wealthy local family Deborah Hitchborn. Paul was the third of 12 children in the family. In spite of the French origin he did not speak French and became a member of Anglican Church. However, in the end, Paul returned to Calvinist church. Apollos Rivoire died when Paul was 19 years old.
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Cesar Chavez – labor leader

Cesar Chavez - labor leader

Cesar Chavez – labor leader

Cesar Chavez is a well-known American human rights activist, a fighter for social rights of workers, the national hero of the United States, a supporter of veganism.
Cesar Estrada Chavez was born on March 31, 1927 near Yuma (Arizona, USA) in a family of Mexicans whose ancestors lived in Arizona before it joined the United States. During the Great Depression Cesar’s parents lost their own business and the boy had to begin his working career at the age of ten. Due to various social and financial difficulties he had changed more than thirty schools and quit his studies after eight years because of the need to earn a livelihood. By age 15 Cesar was working full-time in the fields.
He serviced in the U.S. Navy during World War II. After demobilization he settled in central California. There Cesar met Helen Fabela, and soon they got married.
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Lucretia Mott – American Quaker

Lucretia Mott - American Quaker

Lucretia Mott – American Quaker

Lucretia Mott was an American Quaker, a pioneer feminist leader and radical abolitionist.
Lucretia Coffin Mott was born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts. At the age of 13, she was sent to a Quaker school in Poughkeepsie, New York. Later she worked there as a teacher. Her interest in women’s rights arose when she learned that the male teachers at her school had a salary three times higher than female teachers.
Lucretia married James Mott who worked as a teacher in the same school. The wedding took place on April 10, 1811. They had 6 children. The second child died at the age of two.
Like many Quakers, Mott opposed slavery. She refused to use products produced by slaves: sugar cane, cotton clothes and so on. In 1821, Mott became a Quaker minister. With the support of her husband she traveled a lot around the country.
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