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Category Archive: Politics

Hillary Clinton – American female politician

Hillary Clinton – American female politician

Hillary Clinton – American female politician

Hillary Clinton is an American politician, member of the Democratic Party; first Lady of the United States (1993-2001), US Senator from New York (2001-2009), US Secretary of State (2009-2013), US presidential candidate in elections in 2016.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton was born on October 26, 1947 in Chicago. She was born into a family of immigrants from England and Wales. Hillary was the eldest of three children and the most purposeful of them. She has two younger brothers, Hugh and Anthony. At school she was actively involved in charity and public affairs. As a child she was fond of astronautics, dreamed to fly into space, and even sent a request to NASA.
Rodham attended the public schools of Park Ridge and in 1965 enrolled in Wellesley College, where she majored in political science and took a minor in psychology. In 1969 she enrolled in Yale University Law School, where she was among 30 women in the class of 1972.
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Donald Trump – 45th president of America

Donald Trump – 45th president of America

Donald Trump – 45th president of America

Donald Trump is the 45th president of the United States of America. On November 8, 2016 Trump won the presidential election and he takes office on January 20, 2017. The well-known businessman and media mogul, Trump is the president of a construction conglomerate Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts, which specializes in the gaming and hospitality industry. In 1996-2015 he was the owner of the beauty contest Miss USA. In addition, he was executive produced and presenter of the reality show Candidate on NBC. He appeared as himself in a number of movies and TV series. He is known for his extravagant lifestyle and outspoken style of communication.
Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946 in Queens, New York. Trump has two brothers and two sisters. Donald was the fourth of five children of Frederick C. and Mary MacLeod Trump. Frederick Trump was a builder and real estate developer who came to specialize in constructing and operating middle income apartments in the Queens, Staten Island, and Brooklyn.
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Charles de Gaulle – French president

Charles de Gaulle - French president

Charles de Gaulle – French president

Charles de Gaulle was a French soldier and statesman, General. During the Second World War, he became a symbol of the French Resistance. He was founder and first president of the Fifth Republic (1959-1969).
Charles Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle was born on November 22, 1890 in Lille into the patriotic Catholic family. He was the third of five children. His father, Henri de Gaulle (1848-1932) was a professor of philosophy and literature at the Jesuit school, which greatly influenced Charles. From early childhood, the boy loved to read and was fond of history.
Charles studied at the Special Military School of Saint-Cyr which he graduated in 1912.
Since the beginning of the First World War, on August 12, 1914 Lieutenant de Gaulle took part in military operation. On August 15 he received his first injury. On March 10, 1916 at the Battle of Le Mesnil-le-Yurlyu he was wounded for the second time. In 1916 during of the Battle of Verdun he was wounded for the third time. Charles was left on the battlefield and was captured by the Germans. De Gaulle made six attempts to escape without success. Mikhail Tukhachevsky, the future Marshal of the Red Army, was together with him in captivity. At that time de Gaulle wrote his first book Discord Among The Enemy (published in 1916).
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Malcolm X – African American leader

Malcolm X - African American leader

Malcolm X – African American leader

Malcolm X was an African American religious and political leader in the 1950s and 1960s.
Malcolm Little was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska. His father was a Baptist minister killed in 1931. Malcolm had a difficult childhood. He was removed from his mother’s care at age six and placed in a foster home. As a young man he moved to New York City and became involved in crime. In 1946 Malcolm was arrested for robbery. When he was in jail he learned of the Nation of Islam, or Black Muslims, an ascetic sect. He joined it in 1952. Elijah Muhammad, head of the Nation of Islam, taught that white men were devils and that complete separation of the races was the only solution to racism in America. Malcolm dropped his last name and replaced it with X to symbolize the identity and history that whites had stripped from blacks during slavery. In contrast to Martin Luther King, Jr.’s, advocacy of nonviolence, integration, and inter-racial harmony, Malcolm X utilized fiery rhetoric to launch a fearless assault on America’s racial hypocrisy.
In January 1958, Malcolm married Sister Betty. They had six daughters.
In 1959 Malcolm X went to Africa for the first time, visiting the United Arab Republic (Egypt), Sudan, Nigeria, and Ghana.
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Simon Bolivar – liberator of South America

Simon Bolivar - liberator of South America

Simon Bolivar – liberator of South America

Simon Bolivar was the most influential and well-known leader of the war of the Spanish colonies in America, Venezuela’s national hero. He liberated Venezuela, New Granada (present-day Colombia and Panama), Royal Audiencia of Quito (now Ecuador) from Spanish rule. In 1819-1830 he was a president of Gran Colombia. In 1824 he freed Peru and became the head of Upper Peru (modern day Bolivia, named in his honor). He is known as Liberator.
Simon Jose Antonio de la Santisima Trinidad Bolivar de la Concepcion y Ponte Palacios y Blanco was born on July 24, 1783 in Caracas. He was the son of Juan Vicente Bolivar and Marfa de la Concepcion Palacios y Blanco, one of the most distinguished Creole (American-born Spanish) families in the city of 20,000 inhabitants.
In 1799 Simon was sent to Spain where he studied law. Then he traveled to Italy, Switzerland, Germany, England and France.
In in May 1802 he married in Madrid and eight months later his wife died.
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Frederick Douglass – abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass - abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass – abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass was an American writer, educator, abolitionist, editor, and speaker. He was one of the most famous fighters for the rights of the black population of America, the head of the Negro liberation movement. Douglass was the first African American citizen to hold an important position in the U.S. government. Born a slave, Frederick Douglass became the most prominent African-American voice for abolition in the 19th century.
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (his real name) was born on February 14, 1818 in Talbot County (Maryland). His mother was a slave. He never knew his father, who was a white man. He lived with his grandmother, Betty Bailey. His mother died when Douglass was about seven years old and the boy was sent to Baltimore to serve Hugh and Sophia Auld.
When Douglass was about twelve years old his owner, Sofia Auld, began to teach him the alphabet, despite the fact that the law forbade teaching slaves to read and write.
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Pancho Villa – Mexican general

Pancho Villa - Mexican general

Pancho Villa – Mexican general

Pancho Villa was one of the revolutionary generals and leaders of peasant rebels during the Mexican revolution 1910-1917.
Jose Doroteo Arango Arambula (better known as Francisco Villa or Pancho Villa) was born on June 5, 1878 not far from the village of San Juan del Rio, Durango State. The boy early lost his father and was forced to work on the hacienda, but because of the intolerable conditions he tried to escape. Pancho’s younger sister was raped by one of the owners of hacienda. According to his own memoirs, Pancho killed him and was forced to flee to the mountains, where he spent his adolescence. He became a bandit chief and horse trader.
In 1909 Villa met Abraham Gonzalez, a local representative of the liberal presidential candidate Francisco Madero. Gonzalez became the political mentor and friend of Villa.
During the uprising uneducated Villa, who only knew how to read and write, showed himself capable commander. He was able to create a division of well-trained soldiers. After the victory of the rebels Villa stayed in the guerrilla army.
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