Osama Bin Laden
Osama bin Laden was the Islamic fundamentalist leader and leader of the terrorist group Al Qaeda. He was a harsh critic of the United States and its policies.
Usama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden was born on March 10, 1957 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. His father, Mohammad bin Laden, was one of the country’s wealthiest business leaders. Osama had more than 50 brothers and sisters. At the age of 17 he married a Syrian girl. She was to be the first of several wives.
In 1979 he earned a degree in civil engineering from King Abdul-Aziz University.
In 1979 the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. Bin Laden, like many other Muslims, rose to join the jihad declared against the attackers.
In 1988 he and the Egyptians founded Al Qaeda (The Base). Their goal was to protect the religion of Islam and Muslim people. Later Al Qaeda became known as a radical Islamic group.
In 1994 he moved to Sudan to set up training camps.
In 1996 bin Laden openly declared war on America. Throughout 1990s Al Qaeda carried out attacks worldwide.
In November 1998 the U.S. State Department promised $5 million to anyone with information leading to bin Laden’s arrest.
On September 11, 2001 four airplanes were hijacked. Three of them crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon near Washington, D.C. The fourth airplane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. About 3 000 people were killed. These attacks made bin Laden one of the most infamous and sought-after figures in recent history.
According to various sources Osama had from 20 to 26 children. After the September 11 attacks, many of them moved to Iran, where they were placed under the supervision of the authorities.
Osama bin Laden was killed on May 2, 2011 in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
Brewery Brasov (Romania) manufactured beer under the name Ben Laden with his picture on the label.