Tutankhamen was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt in the 1300s BC. He was the twelfth King of the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Today he is famous because of the many treasures found inside his tomb in the 20th century.
He became pharaoh when he was still a child and died at about age 18. There are two most popular theories about his death. According to one version he was killed and according to another he broke his leg, and the infection got into the wound led to the death.
It is believed that the young Pharaoh’s father was Akhenaton, who was married to Nefertiti. Akhenaton also had wife Kira who supposedly gave birth to Tutankhamen.
Tutankhamen married one of the six daughters of Akhenaton and Nefertiti. By the way, the real name of Akhenaton was Amenhotep IV.
Tutankhamen and his wife had no children, although his wife had two miscarriages. The bodies of two stillborn girls were mummified and placed in small coffins in the tomb of Tutankhamen.
Akhenaton wanted Egyptians to have one god only, but Tutankhamen brought back the old religion with its many gods.
Tutankhamen had a large peristyle hall at Luxor decorated with reliefs illustrating the festival of Amen-Re.
There is some indication that the actual power behind the throne was an elderly official named Ay, who is depicted on a fragment of gold leaf with Tutankhamen. As regent Ay is represented on the walls of the young pharaoh’s burial chamber.
Archeologists dug Tutankhamen’s tomb into the Valley of the Kings. Thousands of years ago, robbers broke into the tombs of other pharaohs and stole many treasures.
In 1922 Howard Carter, a British archaeologist, found Tutankhamen’s tomb and opened it. He found Tutankhamen’s mummy within a nest of three coffins. The inner coffin was solid gold. A gold mask covered the head of the king’s mummy. There were also statues, clothes, furniture, a chariot, weapons, and staffs in the tomb.