Adolf Hitler – German dictator
Adolf Hitler was a German dictator who led the extreme nationalist and racist Nazi party and served as chancellor-president of Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Adolf Schicklgruber was born on April 20, 1889, in the small Austrian town of Braunau. His father, Alois, was a customs official, and his mother, Klara, was a gentlewoman.
As a teenager Adolf was rebellious and in 1905 he left formal education. Then there were long years of dilettante, aimless existence, reading, painting, wandering in the woods, and dreaming of becoming a famous artist.
After the death of his mother in 1907, he moved to Vienna in an attempt to enroll in the Academy of Fine Arts. His failure led him into a period of deep depression and seclusion. Later he returned to Munich.
When World War I began in 1914, he joined the German army.
In the spring of 1919 Hitler was a political officer in the army in Munich. He attended a meeting of German Workers’ party. He quickly became this party’s most popular and impressive speaker and propagandist. The party was renamed National Socialist German Workers’ party (NSDAP), the official name of the Nazi party.
In the fall of 1923 he staged his own coup against the Berlin government. The attempt failed and Hitler was imprisoned in the old fort of Landsberg. In prison he outlined his major plans and beliefs in Mein Kampf (My Struggle), which he dictated to Rudolf Hess.
With the outbreak of world depression, the fortunes of Hitler’s movement rose rapidly.
In August 1934 Hitler became officially Führer of Germany and thereby head of state as well as commander in chief of the armed forces. He created the Third Reich.
Germany’s mythical enemy, world Jewry was systematically and ruthlessly attacked in anti-Semitic mass propaganda. The Nazis killed Jewish men, women, and children in concentration camps. Millions of Jews were killed.
On September 1, 1939, Hitler began World War II with the lightning invasion of Poland. Hitler conquered many countries in Europe.
On June 22, 1941, the German army advanced on Russia in the so-called Operation Barbarossa. The Soviets held the Germans at Stalingrad in 1943. The following year’s advances were again slower than expected.
In the last days of the Third Reich, with the Russian troops in the suburbs of Berlin, Hitler entered into a last stage of desperation in his underground bunker in Berlin.
Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945.
Hitler’s dream of a greater Germany caused the death of approximately 50 million people globally.
There were a lot of deviations in the psyche of the German dictator. His sister Paula said that their father severely punished little Adolf. There was an opinion that Hitler’s aggression was the result of Oedipus complex. Pathological love to the mother and hatred to his father caused many negative characteristics of his psyche.
During the First World War Hitler temporarily lost his sight because of the hysterical amblyopia. His blindness was treated with hypnotherapy. According to psychiatrist and historian David Lewis, who wrote the book “The man who created Hitler”, thanks to Professor Forster who had treated Adolf’s blindness, Hitler was obsessed with the idea of his great destiny. Forster realized it too late. Two weeks after the attempt to disclose a medical history Professor died. Everyone, who knew the truth about Hitler’s illness, was killed and his medical records disappeared.
According to psychiatrist Henry Murray Hitler suffered from neurosis, paranoia, hysteria, and schizophrenia.
There were made about five dozen serious assassination attempts on Hitler’s life. Professional bodyguards were unable to explain how the German dictator could not only save his life, but also did not get any serious injuries.
Hitler often was able to save his life thanks to his just animal sense of danger. Once Hitler said: “An inner voice warned me, and I immediately took action.” Until the end of life Hitler believed in inner voice.
– Hitler had a wonderful memory.
– The dictator constantly compared himself with the great conquerors of the past and tried to beat them.
– Hitler was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
– During World War I, a British soldier named Henry Tandy saved the life of a wounded German soldier, who was later identified as Adolf Hitler.
– In 1938, Time magazine chose Adolf Hitler as The man of the year.
– Hitler planned to kill Churchill with exploding chocolate.
– Hitler carefully collected Judaic artifacts and photographs of the Jews, to keep them in the “Museum of the extinct race”.
– In 2009, a unique picture was found in Vienna. The picture, dated 1909, shows the young Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) and Adolf Hitler playing chess.