World of faces

Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Adventurers

Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier

Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier

Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier

On June 5, 1783 there were a lot of people in the central square of a small French town. They heard that Montgolfier brothers, Joseph and Etienne, owners of a paper factory, decided to surprise the world – they made a balloon and wanted to run it into the sky. Nobody believed it. People said they were madmen, because only birds could fly.
A special platform was erected in the center of the town square and they made a fire. Eight volunteers brought a giant bag made of fabric, which was placed over the fire. Suddenly the bag took the form of a giant balloon, hovering over the fire. The balloon began rising higher. People could not believe their eyes. Human creation rose above the flying birds. The wind carried it away, and the balloon began falling. Joseph and Etienne were happy, they managed to lift the balloon in the air and it landed safely. Brothers became the first people in the world to launch artificial air flying machine which flew several hundred meters. The flight lasted more than ten minutes. The successful experience was reported to the king Louis XVI. The king invited the brothers to Paris to demonstrate their flying machine. At the same time, he demanded the Academy of Sciences to study the issue of aeronautics and explain the magic of the lift. The arrival of the brothers to Paris delayed. They began to build another balloon with a basket for the passengers. They wanted to surprise not only the audience, but the king.
More »

Steph Davis – American climber

Steph Davis - American climber

Steph Davis – American climber

Steph Davis is an American climber, wingsuiter and BASE-jumper. She was the first woman to climb all Fitz Roy peaks in Patagonia, the second to climb El Capitan in one day and the first woman to climb El Cap. She made free-solo Longs Peak in Colorado and climbed Torre Egger in Patagonia.
Stephanie Davis was born on November 4, 1973 in Illinois. She was an excellent student. At the age of 3 she began playing the piano. Later she played the flute and sang.
In 1990, she entered the University of Maryland and in 1991 she first tried climbing. She fell in love with climbing and gave up music. On holidays she climbed in Longs Peak.
She enjoyed climbing so much and even moved to Colorado as a part of a student exchange program. After receiving a bachelor’s degree, she entered the University of Colorado to get a master’s degree. She refused the doctoral degree and entered the University of Colorado, but quit after 5 days of studying. Against his parents’ wishes, she decided to dedicate her life to climbing.
More »

John Cabot – Italian explorer

John Cabot – Italian explorer

John Cabot – Italian explorer

John Cabot was an Italian and French sailor and a merchant who explored the coast of Canada. He was once thought to have been the first to bear the English flag across the Atlantic.
Giovanni Caboto was born in 1450. It is an approximate date of his birth. Although it is possible that he was born a little bit earlier. He was probably born in Genoa.
In 1496 Cabot’s contemporary, the Spanish diplomat Pedro de Ayala, mentioned him in one of his letters to Ferdinand and Isabella as a “Genoese Columbus“.
It is known that in 1476 Cabot became the citizen of Venice. To get Venetian citizenship he had to live there for 15 years. This means that he and his family moved to Venice in 1461 or earlier.
In the middle of 1495 Cabot and his family moved to England. Upon arrival in England, Cabot immediately went to Bristol to find support. All his expeditions started in this port.
More »

Sieur de La Salle – French explorer

Sieur de La Salle - French explorer

Sieur de La Salle – French explorer

Sieur de La Salle was a French explorer of North America and colonizer, the first European to sail the Mississippi River and declared it ownership of the French king, under the name of Louisiana. Thanks to his tireless activity France acquired (at least on paper) a vast territory. Several cities and districts in the United States, administrative region of Montreal, the Royal Military Academy in Canada and the brand of cars made from 1927 to 1940 by General Motors were named in honor of La Salle.
Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle was born on November 22, 1643 in Rouen, France.
Rene-Robert Cavelier received education at the Jesuit college. At the age of 22 he went to New France where he was granted a plot of land on the island of Montreal. In addition to farming, Cavelier traded for furs. Native Americans told him of a broad river that ran from the Great Lakes region to the sea. This was the Mississippi.
In 1669 a Frenchman sold his land and moved to the side of the Ohio River.
More »

Hernando De Soto – Spanish explorer

Hernando De Soto – Spanish explorer

Hernando De Soto – Spanish explorer


Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador with the title of admiral who led the first conquest expedition in Europe to the north of Mexico, into the territory of the modern United States. He was the first European to cross the Mississippi River and leave documentary evidence.
Hernando de Soto was born in 1498 in Extremadura or Andalusia. Two cities – Badajoz and Barcarrota claim that he was born there. It is known that he spent his childhood in both places.
In 1514 de Soto sailed to the New World together with the first governor of Panama, Pedrarias Davila. Later Hernando married his daughter. In Central America, he became known as an excellent rider, fighter and tactician, but was also known for his cruelty. In 1530, de Soto became the ruler of Leon in Nicaragua. He led an expedition to the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in order to find a passage between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to trade with the East, the richest market in the world. After the failure of the expedition and Davila’s death, he left his estate in Nicaragua. He hired vessels, and brought his men in Tumbes.
More »

Roald Amundsen – Polar Viking

Roald Amundsen – Polar Viking

Roald Amundsen – Polar Viking

Roald Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer, who traveled to both the Arctic and the Antarctic. He was one of the most important people in the history of polar exploration. Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole. He was one of the aviation pioneers who used seaplanes and airships in Arctic travels.
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was born on July 16, 1872 in Borge, Norway. His father was a shipowner, who died when Roald was 14 years old. Since childhood Amundsen wanted to be a polar explorer. He studied sailing techniques, steam navigation, scientific navigation, and terrestrial magnetism.
His mother wanted him to study medicine and he did so. When his mother died, Amundsen left school and went to sea.
On August 7, 1896, Amundsen was hired as a sailor in the Belgian Antarctic expedition. It was the only expedition in which Amundsen participated as a subordinate.
In winter 1896-1897 future explorer moved to Antwerp to study French and navigation. There he had a love affair with the hostess who committed suicide on March 24, 1897. So, Amundsen had to leave the city.
More »

Amelia Mary Earhart – woman pilot

Amelia Mary Earhart – woman pilot

Amelia Mary Earhart – woman pilot

Amelia Mary Earhart was an American aviator. She is world’s best-known woman pilot. She was the first woman to fly alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
Amelia Mary Earhart Putnam was born on July 24, 1897 in Atchison, Kansas. Until she was 12 she lived with her wealthy maternal grandparents in Atcheson, Kansas.
In 1909 Amelia and her younger sister, Muriel, went to Des Moines, Iowa to live with their parents. In 1914 her mother took the girl and moved to Chicago, where Amelia graduated from Hyde Park School the following year.
Amelia was a volunteer nurse in a hospital for veterans in Toronto where she worked until 1918.
In the winter of 1920 Earhart saw her first air show and took her first airplane ride. She took lessons at Bert Kinner’s airfield. On December 15, 1921 she received her license from the National Aeronautics Association (NAA).
More »