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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: History

Anne of Brittany – Twice Queen of France

Anne of Brittany - Twice Queen of France

Anne of Brittany – Twice Queen of France


Anne of Brittany led the duchy of Brittany after her father, the duke, died in 1488. As the wife of two French kings, she played a significant role in the political and cultural life of France during the early years of the Renaissance. The French king Charles VIII took control of Brittany and married Anne in 1491. This led in time to the union of Brittany with France. Charles died in 1498, and the following year Anne married his successor, Louis XII. During Louis’s reign, Anne made great efforts to encourage the arts. She brought poets, painters, decorators, and translators to the court to enhance the image of the king. Anne’s daughter Claude became the wife of one French king, Francis I, and the mother of another, Henry II.
The Duke of Brittany Francis II had no sons. So, he had to raise his daughter Anne, who was born on January 25, 1477, as heir to the throne. As a result, she received an atypical education for a medieval girl. She studied foreign languages, rhetoric, logic. And the duke usually solved political problems in her presence.
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Geronimo – Apache warrior

Geronimo - Apache warrior

Geronimo – Apache warrior


Geronimo was the legendary warrior, a leader of the Chiricahua band of the Apache people. He struggled for a Native American way of life in conflict with American frontiersmen who wanted to take the tribe’s land. The Apache lived in northern Mexico and what is now the southwestern United States.
Geronimo was born in June 1829 in No-doyohn Canyon in Arizona. At the age of 17 he became a member of his tribe’s warrior council. The Apache fought with the Mexicans. Geronimo married a woman from the Chiricahua tribe and had three children. On March 5, 1851, a detachment of 400 Mexican soldiers from the Sonora State, led by Colonel José María Carrasco, attacked the Geronimo’s camp while most of the tribe’s men went to the city to trade. His mother, wife, and three children were killed by Mexican bounty hunters. Wanting revenge, Geronimo fought even more fiercely. During the next 15 years he rose steadily as a war leader among the Apaches.
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Janusz Korczak – Old Doctor

Janusz Korczak - Old Doctor

Janusz Korczak – Old Doctor


Everyone knows that Janusz Korczak was a teacher and writer. But not everyone knows that his main profession was a doctor. In pre-war Poland, Janusz Korczak was called Pan Old Doctor.
Henryk Goldszmit, known worldwide as Janusz Korczak, was born on July 22, 1878 in Warsaw into the family of a famous Moscow lawyer and writer. Parents were not very interested in raising his son, and he grew up as a closed, shy child, immersed in the world of his fantasies.
When Henryk was seven years old, he was sent to a Russian gymnasium, where he studied Latin, French, German, Greek and many other subjects.
In 1889 the Goldszmit family experienced a great shock: the father had signs of mental illness. He was placed in a special clinic. Money for treatment soon ended, the mother had to sell paintings, porcelain, furniture… The prosperous life was over. To support the family, the young man had to give lessons to children from wealthy families. For the first time he proved himself to be a capable teacher.
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Nikolai Shchors – Russian officer

Nikolai Shchors – Russian officer

Nikolai Shchors – Russian officer


Nikolai Shchors was a wartime officer of the Russian Imperial Army, head of the division of the Red Army during the Civil War in Russia, a member of the Communist Party from the fall of 1918.
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Shchors was born on May 25 (June 6), 1895 in the village of Snovsk, the Chernigov province, in a large family of a railway worker. In July 1914 he graduated from the military paramedic school in Kiev.
On August 1, 1914 the Russian Empire entered the First World War and Nikolai received an appointment for the post of military paramedic of the artillery regiment on the rights of a volunteer. In 1914-1915 he took part in hostilities on the North-Western Front.
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Jane Grey – Queen for nine days

Jane Grey - Queen for nine days

Jane Grey – Queen for nine days


Jane Grey stands alone among the monarchs of England. Her reign was too brief from 10 July until 19 July 1553. In folk tales, she is called the Queen for nine days, the first Protestant martyr, the victim of the English Counter-Reformation. In numerous works of the XIX century, Jane Grey is the ideal woman of the Victorian era.
Our heroine was born and lived during the heyday of the Reformation. This period is considered the brightest in the history of Foggy Albion. A quarrel of Henry VIII with the Pope was the beginning. The head of the Roman Catholic Church refused to legalize the divorce of the king with his first wife Catherine of Aragon. The monarch was offended, and in 1534 the parliament decided to free the English church from subjection to Rome. As a result of the Reformation, the state received free land and funds confiscated from the Church. This allowed to equip the fleet, which managed to defeat the Spanish Invincible Armada. England became the mistress of the seas. But it was a time of political instability.
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Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death


Josef Mengele was a German physician. During the last two years of World War II he conducted medical experiments. Mengele sent tens of thousands of Jews to the gas chambers at Auschwitz, a concentration camp in Poland. He was never apprehended and thus was never prosecuted as a war criminal.
Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 in Bavaria. He was the son of an agricultural machinery manufacturer. Josef was a promising and ambitious student. In 1938, he received his doctorate in medicine. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, director of the Frankfurt University Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene, made Mengele his assistant. Mengele focused his work on twins, because they were especially suited for genetics research.
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Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot


Valery Chkalov was a legendary Soviet test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, who made the first non-stop flight across the North Pole.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was born in 1904 in the village of Vasilyovo, Nizhny Novgorod province. It is interesting that now this place has received not only the status of the city, but also a new name in honor of the great pilot. Valera’s parents were ordinary people. His father worked as a boilermaker at the shipyard, and his mother was a housewife. Unfortunately, she died when her son was 6 years old. After school Chkalov went to the Cherepovets Technical School, but due to lack of finance, the school was liquidated. Valery returned to his father and began to work as a stoker on the steamer. In 1919 he saw the plane with his own eyes and began to dream of flying machines.
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