Nikolai Shchors was a wartime officer of the Russian Imperial Army, head of the division of the Red Army during the Civil War in Russia, a member of the Communist Party from the fall of 1918.
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Shchors was born on May 25 (June 6), 1895 in the village of Snovsk, the Chernigov province, in a large family of a railway worker. In July 1914 he graduated from the military paramedic school in Kiev.
On August 1, 1914 the Russian Empire entered the First World War and Nikolai received an appointment for the post of military paramedic of the artillery regiment on the rights of a volunteer. In 1914-1915 he took part in hostilities on the North-Western Front.