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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: History

John Paul Jones – Scottish sailor

John Paul Jones - Scottish sailor

John Paul Jones – Scottish sailor


John Paul Jones was a Scottish sailor who served in the United Kingdom, the United States and Russia. He is most famous for participation in the American Revolutionary War.
Paul Jones was born on July 6, 1747 in Kirkcudbright, Scotland. His father, John Paul Sr., was a gardener, and the mother of the future admiral was Jean Duff. They got married on November 29, 1733 in New Abbey, Kirkcudbright.
John Paul Jr. began naval career at the age of 13 as a cabin boy aboard the Friendship under Captain Benson. The next few years, he sailed on the British merchant ships, including as a third mate in 1764 aboard the King George and the first mate on the Two Friends in 1766.
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Robert Bartini – Italian aircraft designer

Robert Bartini - Italian aircraft designer

Robert Bartini – Italian aircraft designer


Aircraft designer Robert Bartini is a mystery man. Until now, it is unclear who he really was: aircraft designer ahead of time, a brilliant self-taught physicist or maybe just an artist with a capital letter? Probably, no one will answer these questions – the archives about Bartini disappeared as mysteriously as he lived himself…
Biography of Bartini is complicated from the very beginning. According to the official version, Robert was an illegitimate son of the Italian count, the vice-governor of the Austrian province, Fiume Lodovico Oros de Bartini. The baby was allegedly given to a count’s gardener, and one day the countess, walking in the garden, noticed the adorable baby, fell in love with him and adopted him. The boy grew up in a happy family without any worries and hassles. Robert had another version, as if he was the legal son of Baron Formah… There is only one discrepancy: neither the Bartini family nor the Formahs ever existed. In general, a mystery covered in darkness…
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Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey – black leader

Marcus Garvey was the leader of the worldwide movement for the rights of blacks. He was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). He offered new hope for working-class Blacks in the 1920s. Garvey’s clarion call for Black nationalism resonated primarily among lower- and working-class blacks and inspired numerous Black mass-appeal leaders and movements.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born on August 17, 1887 in Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, then British colonial possession. He attended school until the age of 14. As a young man, Garvey moved to Kingston, where he worked as a printer and editor. He travelled extensively in the West Indies and Central America and lived briefly in England. Garvey became convinced that Black people suffered a sort of universal cultural and economic exploitation wherever they lived outside Africa.
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Gilles de Rais – Bluebeard

Gilles de Rais - Bluebeard

Gilles de Rais – Bluebeard


Bluebeard is a literary hero, which entered the history of world literature thanks to the world famous storyteller Charles Perrault. This gloomy story was written on the basis of folk tales. Ironically, the prototype of the folklore hero was the associate of the legendary Joan of Arc – Marshal of France Baron Gilles de Rais.
Gilles de Montmorency-Laval, Baron de Rais, was born in the autumn of 1404 into one of the richest and most educated families in France.
The time was restless: there was bloody Hundred Years’ War, the royal power weakened – the British, along with the Burgundians and the rebellious French feudal lords tormented the land of the long-suffering country. Nevertheless, even at that time, parents collected a large library for their son and instilled in him an interest in knowledge. At the age of eleven Gilles was orphaned and his grandfather brought up him. He gave the boy a wonderful education. As a result, Gilles was much more educated than his peers from neighboring castles, besides he was an excellent rider and was fond of falconry and theater.
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Ivan Mazepa – Cossack leader

Ivan Mazepa - Cossack leader

Ivan Mazepa – Cossack leader


Ivan Mazepa (ca. 1644-1709) was the Ukrainian Cossack leader, Hetman.
Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa was raised in Poland and educated in the West. In 1663 he returned to Ukraine to enter the military service during the turbulent period of Ukrainian history known as the Ruin. Mazepa reached the rank of inspector general while still in his early 30s.
In 1687 he was elected hetman (chief) of the Ukrainian Cossack state. Mazepa managed to build new schools and churches, but his chief goal became the freeing of his people from Russian domination and the formation of an independent state including all of the Ukraine.
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Margaret of Valois – French princess

Margaret of Valois – French princess

Margaret of Valois – French princess

On August 18, 1572 there was a crowd at the Cathedral of Notre Dame waiting for the wedding of the French princess Margaret of Valois and Henry, King of Navarre. People risked their lives to glance at the celebration. They also wanted to look at the bride, who had already become famous for her love affairs and conquered the hearts of contemporaries with her beauty.
The name Marguerite of France, Marguerite of Valois, the famous queen Margot, the most beautiful woman of her time, the youngest daughter of Henry II and Catherine de Medici, is surrounded by many legends. The girl was named in honor of her great-aunt – Margaret of Navarre, who was called “the pearl of all pearls”, because Margaret means “pearl”. But, as it turned out, the brilliance of the new pearl had surpassed the shine of the old one.
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John D. Rockefeller – American industrialist

John D. Rockefeller - American industrialist

John D. Rockefeller – American industrialist

The old man, like a withered mummy with protruding ears, lived as a hermit in his estate, never traveled anywhere, did not invite anyone, ate only boiled food and drank only distilled water. He was afraid of germs. The old man set a goal: to live as long as possible. He sat in a chair with a clock in his hands and looked at the second hand with a sense of satisfaction: its every jump lengthened his life. The American wondered whether he could live up to a hundred years. This old man, who wanted to join the very long life to his incredible wealth, was none other than the multi-billionaire John Davison Rockefeller.
Money was very important for him, each bank note had not only nominal, but also character. John strongly wanted to make friends with them. The big bill sounded like a symphony orchestra, a little – like violin. He wanted to be friends with money, it meant to be friends with great people depicted on bank notes. The only billionaire’s dream was to capture the money of others.
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