James Barry Munnik Hertzog was South African soldier and political figure, one of the leaders of the Afrikaner Nationalist Movement, the Prime Minister of South African Union from June 30, 1924 to September 5, 1939.
James Barry was born on April 3, 1866 near Wellington, Cape Province. James was born in an old Afrikaner family and was named after the surgeon James Barry.
In 1889-1892 he studied law at the University of Amsterdam, and from 1892 to 1895 had a private law practice in Pretoria, after which he was appointed to the Supreme Court of the Orange Free State.
At the beginning of the Second Boer War Hertzog became deputy commander of the army and one of the organizers of the guerrilla war against the British troops.