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Category Archive: Rulers

Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror

Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror

Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror


Alexander III, king of Macedonia, is known as Alexander the Great. He reigned over Greece, conquered the Persians, and marched as far as what are now known as Egypt, India, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. He succeeded in forging the largest Western empire of the ancient world.
Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the capital of Macedonia. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, gave him lessons. The boy’s main interest was war.
In 338 BC Alexander’s father, Philip II, brought all the Greek city-states except Sparta under his rule. Young Alexander commanded one part of the Macedonian army.
Philip II was killed in 336 BC and 20-year-old Alexander became king.
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Hatshepsut – Egyptian pharaoh

Hatshepsut – Egyptian pharaoh

Hatshepsut – Egyptian pharaoh


Queen Hatshepsut, along with Cleopatra and Nefertiti, is among the great rulers of Ancient Egypt. It was largely thanks to her that Egypt became the world power of her time. Her parents were King Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. Hatshepsut married her half-brother Thutmose II.
Her father died in about 1482 BC and Hatshepsut came to power. During Thutmose II’s lifetime Hatshepsut was merely a principal queen bearing the titles King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, God’s Wife, and King’s Great Wife. In 1479 BC her husband died in the eighth year of his reign. Some historians later suggested that Hatshepsut had him poisoned to become the ruler herself. Thutmose III, her stepson, then became king, but he was too young to rule and she had begun to rule Egypt as regent.
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Margaret of Valois – French princess

Margaret of Valois – French princess

Margaret of Valois – French princess

On August 18, 1572 there was a crowd at the Cathedral of Notre Dame waiting for the wedding of the French princess Margaret of Valois and Henry, King of Navarre. People risked their lives to glance at the celebration. They also wanted to look at the bride, who had already become famous for her love affairs and conquered the hearts of contemporaries with her beauty.
The name Marguerite of France, Marguerite of Valois, the famous queen Margot, the most beautiful woman of her time, the youngest daughter of Henry II and Catherine de Medici, is surrounded by many legends. The girl was named in honor of her great-aunt – Margaret of Navarre, who was called “the pearl of all pearls”, because Margaret means “pearl”. But, as it turned out, the brilliance of the new pearl had surpassed the shine of the old one.
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Grace Kelly – famous actress and Princess

Grace Kelly - famous actress and Princess

Grace Kelly – famous actress and Princess

Grace Kelly was one of the most famous women of the XX century, the beloved symbol of the little principality, famous Hollywood actress. Once she was able to change the life of a state. Thanks to Grace a lot of businessmen and celebrities returned to Monaco. But her death is still a solid mystery, and even numerous investigations, publications, books and attempt to make a film could not shed light on this mystery.
Beauty Grace went down in history as the famous American actress, Oscar winner, as well as the wife of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco. These facts of her biography are known worldwide. But only a small circle of close friends and relatives knew she had the ability to foresee and even knew in advance about her fate. According to her relatives Grace often foresaw disasters and misfortunes happened to her family and friends.
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Franz Joseph I – Emperor of Austria

Franz Joseph I - Emperor of Austria

Franz Joseph I – Emperor of Austria

Franz Joseph I (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) was an Emperor of the Austrian Empire and King of Bohemia from December 2, 1848, Apostolic king of Hungary from December 2, 1848 to April 14, 1849 (1st time) and 13 August 1849 (the 2nd time). On March 15, 1867 he became the head of Austro-Hungarian monarchy. He ruled for 68 years.
He was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. During the Austrian revolution of 1848 his uncle abdicated, and his father refused the inheritance rights in favor of his son and 18-year-old Franz Joseph I became the head of a multinational power of the Habsburgs. Franz Joseph I was well-read man and spoke Latin, English, French, Italian, Polish and Czech. Emperor patronized geographical research, supported the development of the industry.
In 1854 Franz Joseph married Bavarian princess Elisabeth, known in the family circle as the Sisi. She didn’t get on well with Franz Joseph’s mother Archduchess Sophia of Bavaria. As a result she had nervous breakdown. Since the 1860s the Empress spent her time traveling, rarely met with her husband.
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Adolf Hitler – German dictator

Adolf Hitler - German dictator

Adolf Hitler – German dictator

Adolf Hitler was a German dictator who led the extreme nationalist and racist Nazi party and served as chancellor-president of Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Adolf Schicklgruber was born on April 20, 1889, in the small Austrian town of Braunau. His father, Alois, was a customs official, and his mother, Klara, was a gentlewoman.
As a teenager Adolf was rebellious and in 1905 he left formal education. Then there were long years of dilettante, aimless existence, reading, painting, wandering in the woods, and dreaming of becoming a famous artist.
After the death of his mother in 1907, he moved to Vienna in an attempt to enroll in the Academy of Fine Arts. His failure led him into a period of deep depression and seclusion. Later he returned to Munich.
When World War I began in 1914, he joined the German army.
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Pharaoh Tutankhamen

Pharaoh Tutankhamen

Pharaoh Tutankhamen

Tutankhamen was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt in the 1300s BC. He was the twelfth King of the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Today he is famous because of the many treasures found inside his tomb in the 20th century.
He became pharaoh when he was still a child and died at about age 18. There are two most popular theories about his death. According to one version he was killed and according to another he broke his leg, and the infection got into the wound led to the death.
It is believed that the young Pharaoh’s father was Akhenaton, who was married to Nefertiti. Akhenaton also had wife Kira who supposedly gave birth to Tutankhamen.
Tutankhamen married one of the six daughters of Akhenaton and Nefertiti. By the way, the real name of Akhenaton was Amenhotep IV.
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