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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Rulers

Elizabeth II – Queen of England

Elizabeth II - Queen of England

Elizabeth II – Queen of England

Elizabeth II is the reigning Queen of England from 1952 to the present. She became the Queen on February 6, 1952 at the age of twenty-five, after the death of her father, King George VI. She is the longest reigning monarch in the history of the UK. Elizabeth is the oldest head of state in Europe. She is the head of the British Commonwealth of Nations and the Queen of fifteen independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Canada, New Zealand, Papua – New Guinea, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and Jamaica. She is also the head of the Anglican Church and the supreme commander of the Armed forces of the UK.
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born on April 21, 1926 in London, UK. She comes from the Windsor dynasty. In 1930, Princess Margaret, the only Elizabeth’s sister, was born. Elizabeth received a good education at home. She studied history of the constitution, law, religion, art, French and was engaged in horse riding. In 1940 she gave her first radio address.
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Catherine of Aragon – Queen of England

Catherine of Aragon, the Dowager Princess of Wales. Portrait by Michel Sittow, 1503-1504

Catherine of Aragon, the Dowager Princess of Wales. Portrait by Michel Sittow, 1503-1504

Catherine of Aragon was the daughter of the founders of the Spanish State Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, the first wife of King Henry VIII Tudor, mother of Queen Maria I. After twenty-four years of marriage, due to the lack of a male heir, Henry insisted on the cancellation of the marriage with Catherine. It was one of the causes of the conflict between Henry and Pope, a break with the Roman Catholic Church and the Reformation in England.
Catalina de Aragon y Castilla was born on December 16, 1485 in the castle of the Archbishop of Toledo in the town of Alcala de Henares located near Madrid. She was the youngest child of Catholic Kings – Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. Her childhood coincided with the period of Renaissance in Spain. One of Catherine’s mentors was Alessandro Geraldine, who, together with his brother Antonio was one of the most famous humanists of his time. The girl studied heraldry and genealogy, history, canon law and civil law, classical literature, ancient literature and languages – in particular Latin and Greek.
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Marie Antoinette – Queen of France

Marie Antoinette - Queen of France. Vigee Le Brun. Portrait with a rose

Marie Antoinette – Queen of France. Vigee Le Brun. Portrait with a rose

Marie Antoinette was Queen of France, youngest daughter of Emperor Francis I and Maria Theresa. In 1770 she became the wife of King Louis XVI of France.
Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna von Habsburg-Lothringen was born on November 2, 1755 in Vienna, Austria. Marie was the 15th child of Maria Theresa and Emperor Franz I. She was named in honor of the Virgin Mary, Saint Anthony of Padua, her elder brother, Joseph, and St. John. Her godparents were King and Queen of Portugal, although their representatives were the Archduke Joseph and the Archduchess Maria Anna.
Childhood and adolescence Marie Antoinette spent at court, mainly in the Schönbrunn Palace, in a large and loving family. At the age of three she had to wear a corset, as well as other female members of her family. She had dance lessons, visited theater performances, studied history, art, spelling, a little math, and foreign languages. Girls were also taught needlework and art of small talk. However the princess did not have a great love for knowledge. The girl preferred games to lessons.
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Genghis Khan – great Khan of the Mongol Empire

Genghis Khan - great Khan of the Mongol Empire

Genghis Khan – great Khan of the Mongol Empire

Genghis Khan was a conqueror, founder and the first great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He was a political and military genius who brought together the wandering peoples of central Asia. His continental empire was the largest in the history of mankind.
Genghis Khan was born in about 1162 in northern Mongolia. His name at first was Temujin. He was named after an enemy his father had defeated. His father, Yesugei, was the chief of one Mongol group. Yesugei was killed by the Tatars when Temujin was 9 years old. Later he became chief. He married Borte, who became the mother of four sons and a daughter.
Temujin built up a large army to conquer neighboring groups and unify them into a single Mongol nation. He used harsh training and strict discipline to create a superior fighting force.
In 1206 the people named him Genghis Khan, which means “universal ruler.”
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Ashoka – ruler and statesman

Ashoka – ruler and statesman

Ashoka – ruler and statesman


Ashoka was the ruler of the Maurya Empire from 273 on 232 BC. After a series of military successes, he conquered a considerable part of South Asia from the present-day Afghanistan to Bengal and further to Mysore. He is known mostly as a great patron of Buddhism. It is said that Ashoka became a Buddhist when he saw the horrors caused by the wars he’d led.
Ashoka was the grandson of Chandragupta and son of Bindusara. His mother was Subhadrangi – daughter of a poor Brahmin. According to legend, the father gave her in the harem, because he received a prophecy that his daughter would be a mother of a great ruler.
Arriving in Ujjain, the capital of Avanti, Ashoka proved to be an excellent governor. He married Shakya Kumari – the daughter of a rich merchant, who gave birth to two children, named Mahendra and Sanghamitra.
Emperor of Bindusara died in 272 BC and Ashoka was crowned as the king of Magadha after his father’s death.
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Ferdinand and Isabella – first king and queen of Spain

Ferdinand and Isabella - first king and queen of Spain

Ferdinand and Isabella – first king and queen of Spain


Ferdinand and Isabella were the first king and queen of Spain. They were called the Catholic Monarchs because they strongly supported the Roman Catholic Church.
Ferdinand II of Aragon, Ferdinand the Catholic, was king of Castile (Fernando the V), Aragon (Fernando II), Sicily and Naples (Ferdinando III). He was the husband and co-ruler of Queen Isabella of Castile. He ruled for nearly four decades and played a significant role in pan-European politics. In 1475 the political unity of Castile and Aragon was created, in 1492 America was discovered and in 1494 the era of the Italian Wars began. He together with his matchmaker Maximilian I was one of the architects of World Empire of his grandson Charles V.
Ferdinand was born on March 10, 1452 and Isabella was born on April 22, 1451.
In 1461 after the death of his older brother Ferdinand became the heir to the crown of the Kingdom of Aragon, was appointed chief governor of Catalonia (1462) and in 1468 the King of Sicily. During the Catalan Civil War he met the public administration of his father.
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Cardinal Richelieu – French statesman

Cardinal Richelieu - French statesman. Philippe de Champaigne

Cardinal Richelieu – French statesman. Philippe de Champaigne

Cardinal Richelieu was also known as Red Cardinal. He was Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, an aristocrat and statesman of France. From 1616 to 1617 he was a secretary of state and head of government (chief minister of the king) from 1624 until his death. Richelieu, among other things, was very prolific playwright and his plays were published in the first royal printing house. Historians have viewed Richelieu as either a patriot or a tyrant, and he was later vilified in Alexandre Dumas’s classic novel The Three Musketeers (1844).
Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu was born on September 9, 1585 in Paris. He was the fourth of the five children into a family of Francois du Plessis, the lord of Richelieu, and Suzanne de La Porte.
Armand studied grammar and philosophy at the College de Navarre. Later he entered military academy. In 1603 he began serious study of theology.
At the end of 1608 Richelieu arrived in Lucon and became an assiduous bishop.
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