World of faces

Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Politics

Frederick Douglass – abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass - abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass – abolitionist and reformer

Frederick Douglass was an American writer, educator, abolitionist, editor, and speaker. He was one of the most famous fighters for the rights of the black population of America, the head of the Negro liberation movement. Douglass was the first African American citizen to hold an important position in the U.S. government. Born a slave, Frederick Douglass became the most prominent African-American voice for abolition in the 19th century.
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (his real name) was born on February 14, 1818 in Talbot County (Maryland). His mother was a slave. He never knew his father, who was a white man. He lived with his grandmother, Betty Bailey. His mother died when Douglass was about seven years old and the boy was sent to Baltimore to serve Hugh and Sophia Auld.
When Douglass was about twelve years old his owner, Sofia Auld, began to teach him the alphabet, despite the fact that the law forbade teaching slaves to read and write.
More »

Pancho Villa – Mexican general

Pancho Villa - Mexican general

Pancho Villa – Mexican general

Pancho Villa was one of the revolutionary generals and leaders of peasant rebels during the Mexican revolution 1910-1917.
Jose Doroteo Arango Arambula (better known as Francisco Villa or Pancho Villa) was born on June 5, 1878 not far from the village of San Juan del Rio, Durango State. The boy early lost his father and was forced to work on the hacienda, but because of the intolerable conditions he tried to escape. Pancho’s younger sister was raped by one of the owners of hacienda. According to his own memoirs, Pancho killed him and was forced to flee to the mountains, where he spent his adolescence. He became a bandit chief and horse trader.
In 1909 Villa met Abraham Gonzalez, a local representative of the liberal presidential candidate Francisco Madero. Gonzalez became the political mentor and friend of Villa.
During the uprising uneducated Villa, who only knew how to read and write, showed himself capable commander. He was able to create a division of well-trained soldiers. After the victory of the rebels Villa stayed in the guerrilla army.
More »

Ho Chi Minh – Vietnamese communist leader

Ho Chi Minh - Vietnamese communist leader

Ho Chi Minh – Vietnamese communist leader

Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese political activist and Marxism-Leninism follower, the founder of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the head of the August Revolution, the first president of North Vietnam, the creator of the Viet Minh and the Viet Cong, philosopher, poet. He was a powerful leader of Vietnam during a troubled period of that country’s history.
Ho Chi Minh (his real name was Nguyen Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyen Tat Thanh and Nguyen Ai Quoc) was born on May 19, 1890 in the village of Kim Lien, province of Nghe An, central Vietnam. His father, supporter of Confucian Patriotic Party, was the most educated man in the village. His mother died at the age of 32 when she gave birth to the fourth child. According to Vietnamese tradition, before entering school, Nguyen Sinh Cung received a second (official or “book”, name) – Nguyen Tat Thanh.
In 1911, Tat Thanh using a false name joined the ship crew as a sailor. 30 years later he returned home. He visited America and Europe. In 1916-1923 he lived in the US, UK and France.
In Paris he took the pseudonym Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen-patriot).
More »

U Thant – World Peacemaker

U Thant - World Peacemaker

U Thant – World Peacemaker


U Thant was a Burmese diplomat and the third United Nations Secretary-General from 1962 to 1971. He was appointed to the post in November 1962 after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld, the previous Secretary-General, in a plane crash in Africa in September 1961. U Thant was the first non-European secretary general of the United Nations.
U Thant was born on January 22, 1909 in Pantanaw, Burma (now called Myanmar). He was born in a family of wealthy landowners and merchants. He was the first of four sons.
He received his secondary education at the local school, and then graduated from the history department of the University of Rangoon. In 1929, young Thant published his first book, Cities and Their Stories, about Athens, Rome, and other great cities of history.
Prior to his diplomatic career, U Thant was a senior lecturer at the National High School in Pantanaw and in 1931 he became its director. At that time, U Thant became friends with future Prime Minister U Nu, and began to write regularly in newspapers and magazines under the pseudonym “Tilaua” and made translations of several books. Before World War II he was a member of the Council of National Education and a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of School Principals.
More »

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand – French diplomat

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand - French diplomat

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand – French diplomat

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand was a French politician and diplomat, who served as Foreign Minister. He served the throne of France from the time of Louis XVI to Louis- Philippe (the last king). He was renowned master of political intrigue. From November 2, 1788 to April 13, 1791 he was a bishop of Autun.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord was born on February 2, 1754 in Paris in a noble aristocratic family of Charles Daniel de Talleyrand-Perigord (1734-1788). Charles Maurice enrolled in College d’Harcourt in Paris, later he studied at the Saint-Sulpice Seminary (1770-1773) and at the Sorbonne. In 1779, Talleyrand was ordained to the priesthood.
In 1780 Talleyrand became general agent of the Gallican church at the court. In 1788 Talleyrand became bishop.
On July 14, 1789 he was included in the Constitutional Committee of the National Assembly. Talleyrand was involved in the writing of the Declaration of human and civil rights and produce a draft of the Civil Constitution of the clergy.
In 1791, he was defrocked by the Pope for taking part in revolutionary activity.
More »

Jefferson Davis – military and political leader

Jefferson Davis - military and political leader

Jefferson Davis – military and political leader


Jefferson Davis was an American military and political leader, the first and only President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point; six years he served as a lieutenant in the army, and later returned there as a volunteer to participate in the US-Mexican War, where he commanded a regiment. He was Minister of War under President Pierce and Senator from Mississippi.
Davis, owner of a large cotton plantation and a large number of slaves, was well known as a supporter of slavery. He opposed separatism, but supported the idea of the sovereignty of states. On February 18, 1861 Davis took office as President of the Confederate States of America.
By 1881, he completed work on his memoirs entitled The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government.
Jefferson Finis Davis was born on June 3, 1808 in Kentucky in a farmer’s family.
In 1828 he graduated from the military academy at West Point and was sent to the 1st Infantry Regiment with the rank of second lieutenant.
More »

Indira Gandhi – Indian prime minister

Indira Gandhi - Indian prime minister

Indira Gandhi – Indian prime minister

Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician, Prime Minister of India in 1966-1977 and 1980-1984. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru and mother of Rajiv and Sanjay.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 in Allahabad. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, who later became the first Prime Minister of India after the country’s independence in 1947, took the first steps in politics in the Indian National Congress (INC). At the age of two Indira met Mahatma Gandhi. Since childhood she participated in the demonstrations, repeatedly served as a courier for the fighters for independence.
In 1934, Indira entered the People’s University, which was created by famous poet Rabindranath Tagore. However, after her mother’s death in 1936, she had to interrupt her studies and go to Europe. In 1937, she entered Somerville College, Oxford University in England, where she studied management, history and anthropology. After the beginning of the Second World War, Indira decided to return home.
In 1941 Indira returned to India, and in 1942 she married Feroze Gandhi. They had two children: Rajiv (born on August 20, 1944) and Sanjay (born on December 14, 1946).
More »