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Category Archive: Adventurers

Record round the world voyage by Thomas Cavendish

Record round the world voyage by Thomas Cavendish

Record round the world voyage by Thomas Cavendish


The third round the world voyage in history following Magellan and Drake was made by Englishman Thomas Cavendish. He managed to circle the globe in two years and fifty days. It was a speed record that lasted for two centuries.
Thomas Cavendish was born into the family of a landowner in Trimley Saint Martin near Ipswich (East Suffolk County), where his father had an estate in 1560. Since childhood Thomas wanted adventure, fame and money. At the age of 15, he began studying at the College in Cambridge, which he left two years later. Although he never received a degree, this did not prevent him from being elected to parliament from Shaftesbury (Dorset).
However, Thomas continued to dream of new lands and sea adventures. The dream led to the fact that a physically strong young man joined the royal fleet. When he realized that he had mastered the profession of a sailor well, he became a pirate in the Caribbean Sea. He managed to serve on several filibuster ships, after which he returned home.
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Francis Chichester – British adventurer

Francis Chichester - British adventurer

Francis Chichester – British adventurer


Francis Chichester has become a symbol of strong spirit and dedication. His love for the sea still inspires sailing lovers, and his around-the-world solo trip in 1966-1967 was called “the voyage of the century”.
Francis Charles Chichester was born in 1901 in Devon county into an aristocratic family. From the age of six he lived at a boarding school, then he studied at Marlborough College. At the age of 18, Francis emigrated to New Zealand, taking with him only £ 10. There he worked as a lumberjack, gold miner, sold newspapers, was an agent in a real estate company. It was real estate trading that enabled him to earn £ 10,000 and Chichester returned to the UK in 1929.
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Vasco da Gama – Portuguese explorer

Vasco da Gama - Portuguese explorer

Vasco da Gama – Portuguese explorer


The achievement of the famous Portuguese Vasco da Gama is difficult to overestimate. The brave navigator, having rounded Africa on a ship, was the first European to reach the Indian Peninsula. But besides this, he was a cruel conqueror, who hurt thousands of innocent people …
Thanks to the discoveries of Vasco da Gama, the poor kingdom of Portugal became one of the richest on the mainland.
Vasco da Gama was born in 1469 into the family of the royal governor of Estevan da Gama and his wife Isabel in Sines. Despite his noble birth, the boy grew up with the sons of fishermen, and therefore he learned to swim and sailed a lot. In the evenings, the children gathered around the old sailors, who told them about the adventures. Often there were stories about the African coast, where black people with big lips and bloodshot eyes lived. The Portuguese considered them savages and cannibals, and the boys took for granted the ruin of their settlements. There was no need to look for justifications for this – “in benefit of the crown and of Portugal.”
Vasco became a naval officer and soon received praise from the king himself. The fact is that in 1492 the French corsairs captured the Portuguese caravel with gold from Guinea. The king ordered the young officer to revenge. Vasco and his team, under cover of night, passed along the coast at lightning speed and captured all the ships of the French. Naturally, the enemy resisted, but Da Gama simply did not give them a chance. As a result, France returned the gold in exchange for the seized vessels, and the name of Vasco da Gama was pronounced after the prefix “ferocious corsair”.
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Sergei Utochkin – first Russian pilot

Sergei Utochkin – first Russian pilot

Sergei Utochkin – first Russian pilot


At the end of the XIX century, the Russian Empire was changing rapidly. In the merchant families, sons wanted to leave the family business for completely new affairs, conquer the peaks that their ancestors could not even dream about … Sergei Utochkin, one of the first Russian pilots, was among the adventurers.
The future star of aviation, Sergei Utochkin was born on June 30, 1876 in Odessa. Sergei and his two brothers became orphans very early. The boys inherited father’s money and were raised in different homes as boarders. In one of these houses there was a tragedy that left a mark on the rest of Sergei’s life. Alcoholic father of the family in which the boy lived, once hanged himself in the attic, and his wife having found the body took a kitchen knife and killed all her children. Fortunately, Sergei managed to escape. This case, according to the biographers, was one of the reasons for violations of his psyche in the future.
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Neil Armstrong – first person on Moon

Neil Armstrong – first person on Moon

Neil Armstrong – first person on Moon


Neil Armstrong was the first human to stand on the Moon. In 1969 millions of people watched on television as Armstrong stepped out of his spacecraft and said, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Neil Alden Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930, in Wapakoneta, Ohio. Neil was the eldest of three children of Stephen and Viola Engel Armstrong. At a young age he became interested in airplanes and on his 16th birthday Neil received his pilot’s license. The boy had to work a variety of jobs to pay for his flying lessons. Moreover, he played in a jazz band, pursuing the musical interest that remained a hobby throughout his life.
After high school Armstrong became an air cadet in the U.S. Navy. At the age of 20 Armstrong was flying combat missions in Korea. He flew 78 missions, earning three air medals.
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Alain Bombard – extreme traveler

Alain Bombard – extreme traveler

Alain Bombard – extreme traveler


Alain Bombard (October 27, 1924, Paris – July 19, 2005, Toulon) was not a professional sailor, but he managed to cross the Atlantic from the Canary Islands to Barbados on an inflatable boat Heretic all alone. It took him 65 days, from October 19 to December 22, 1952. He did not have any food and drink with him and survived only thanks to the gifts of the sea.
In the spring of 1951, Alain Bombard, a young intern doctor who had barely begun his professional career at the hospital, was shocked by the number of dead seamen. There was a shipwreck of the trawler Notre Dame de Peyrag near the coast. At foggy night the trawler crashed into the rocks and 43 sailors were killed. In the morning, after only a few hours, their bodies were pulled ashore. All the sailors were in life jackets. It was this event that prompted the young doctor to tackle the problem of saving the lives of people in distress at sea.
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Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot


Valery Chkalov was a legendary Soviet test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, who made the first non-stop flight across the North Pole.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was born in 1904 in the village of Vasilyovo, Nizhny Novgorod province. It is interesting that now this place has received not only the status of the city, but also a new name in honor of the great pilot. Valera’s parents were ordinary people. His father worked as a boilermaker at the shipyard, and his mother was a housewife. Unfortunately, she died when her son was 6 years old. After school Chkalov went to the Cherepovets Technical School, but due to lack of finance, the school was liquidated. Valery returned to his father and began to work as a stoker on the steamer. In 1919 he saw the plane with his own eyes and began to dream of flying machines.
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