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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Science

Confucius – Teacher of Great Wisdom

Confucius - Teacher of Great Wisdom

Confucius – Teacher of Great Wisdom


Confucius was a Chinese teacher and thinker, who believed in people’s ability to improve themselves. His family name was Kong and Confucius is a European version of the Chinese name Kong- fuzi, meaning “Master Kong.” Confucianism is often called a religion, but it is really a system of values for living a good life.
Confucius was born in 551 BC in Qufu into a poor family. His exact birthday is not known, though many people in eastern Asia celebrate it on September 28. His father died when he was 3 years old and the mother educated the boy at home. Later teachers helped him learn many subjects, including music, arithmetic, chariot riding, calligraphy, shooting with a bow and arrow, Chinese poetry and history. At the age of nineteen Confucius married, but divorced four years later.
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Omar Khayyam – Persian poet and astronomer

Omar Khayyam - Persian poet and astronomer

Omar Khayyam – Persian poet and astronomer


Omar Khayyam was a Persian astronomer, mathematician, and poet.
Omar Khayyam was born in May 1048 in Nishapur, Persia (present-day Iran). His name means “tent maker”, the likely profession of his father. During his lifetime he was known as a mathematician and astronomer. He also studied philosophy.
As a young man he worked in Samarkand under the patronage of the Seljuk ruler, Malik Shah, during which time he wrote the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra. In the commentary he is concerned with the foundations of geometry. Khayyam also wrote a commentary on the Principles of Euclid, in which he developed the theory of relations and proportions and the doctrine of parallel. And there Khayyam expressed a number of interesting thoughts that influenced the further development of mathematics.
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Alexander Fleming – Scottish bacteriologist

Alexander Fleming - Scottish bacteriologist

Alexander Fleming – Scottish bacteriologist


London newspapers published cartoons: “Alexander Fleming collects … tears! And not just asks to bring him, but even pays three pence for a portion (then you could buy two pies with raisins).” In the early 1920’s, no one had guessed that he would make the greatest discovery.
He saw hundreds of deaths in the First World War. Lieutenant Alexander Fleming and his teacher, Professor Almroth Wright, were sent to the front and spent four years in a hospital near France. As a bacteriologist (although he often had to help surgeons), he saved many lives, primarily by preventing infectious diseases.
It turned out that in war the infection was much more dangerous than in everyday life. At the St. Mary’s Hospital in London, where Fleming had worked for several years before the outbreak of the war, they fought quite successfully with infections.
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Isaac Asimov – science fiction writer

Isaac Asimov - science fiction writer

Isaac Asimov – science fiction writer


Isaac Asimov was a scientist and science fiction writer, who made his reputation in both fields. He published over three hundred books and a lot of short stories, essays, and columns. Asimov also produced popular introductory texts and textbooks in biochemistry. Asimov is widely regarded as one of the masters of science fiction, along with Arthur C. Clarke and Robert A. Heinlein.
Isaac Asimov was born on January 2, 1920 in Petrovichi, Russia. His family moved to America when the boy was three years old. They settled in Brooklyn, New York, where they owned and operated a candy store. He studied at Boys High School of Brooklyn and then Seth Low Junior College. Later he entered Columbia University.
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Viktor Schauberger – inventor and philosopher

Viktor Schauberger – inventor and philosopher

Viktor Schauberger – inventor and philosopher


Viktor Schauberger was a genius, self-taught scientist who tried to unravel the secrets of nature. He knew how to purify water in a natural way and use its power for the benefit of man – as the ancients did.
Viktor Schauberger was born in 1885 in the Austrian outback. He was the fifth of nine children in the family of hereditary foresters and grew up a real son of the forest. As a child, he and his father spent days in the forest. Viktor was in love with the forest. When his father decided to send his son to the university to study forestry, Viktor refused, sincerely believing that the best teacher was the forest itself. Teachers, he thought, would distort his unbiased vision of nature, as happened with his brother. Viktor chose a regular school and learned to be a forester.
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Robert Bartini – Italian aircraft designer

Robert Bartini - Italian aircraft designer

Robert Bartini – Italian aircraft designer


Aircraft designer Robert Bartini is a mystery man. Until now, it is unclear who he really was: aircraft designer ahead of time, a brilliant self-taught physicist or maybe just an artist with a capital letter? Probably, no one will answer these questions – the archives about Bartini disappeared as mysteriously as he lived himself…
Biography of Bartini is complicated from the very beginning. According to the official version, Robert was an illegitimate son of the Italian count, the vice-governor of the Austrian province, Fiume Lodovico Oros de Bartini. The baby was allegedly given to a count’s gardener, and one day the countess, walking in the garden, noticed the adorable baby, fell in love with him and adopted him. The boy grew up in a happy family without any worries and hassles. Robert had another version, as if he was the legal son of Baron Formah… There is only one discrepancy: neither the Bartini family nor the Formahs ever existed. In general, a mystery covered in darkness…
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Gunther von Hagens – German anatomist

Gunther von Hagens - German anatomist

Gunther von Hagens – German anatomist

Anatomy has always been considered a science for the elect: not everyone can understand how God created man and why he gave or suddenly took his life. Mere mortals called anatomists gods on earth, and after visiting the labs where the corpses were lying they called them devils. Scientists were burned at the stake, and many who avoided such a sad fate poisoned themselves with corpse poison. And even in our time there is a chronic poisoning of pathologists.
Anatomy is a difficult science and its subject smells bad. In Ancient Egypt, in order to delay the process of decomposition, the priests used preservatives: they took out the brain and internal organs of the deceased pharaoh, processed corpse with a mixture of salts and wrapped it with oils to remove as much water as possible from the body. In the XVI-XVII centuries, scientists began to use carbolic acid, ethyl alcohol, formalin and other substances. At the beginning of the 20th century, the water in the body of the deceased was replaced with paraffin. And only in the late 1970s the world was shocked by the discovery of the German Gunther von Hagens.
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