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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Presidents

Herbert Clark Hoover – thirty-first president of America

Herbert Clark Hoover - thirty-first president of America

Herbert Clark Hoover – thirty-first president of America


The future US President Herbert Clark Hoover was born on August 10, 1874 in West Branch. His parents were Quakers with German roots from provincial Iowa. The boy’s father sold agricultural machinery and worked as a blacksmith. He died when Herbert was only 6 years old. His mother died 4 years later. An orphaned boy moved to his uncle in Oregon. In 1891, young Hoover entered the newly opened Stanford University. He became a mining engineer, and nothing foreshadowed that this specialist would be engaged in politics.
In 1895, Herbert Hoover received a bachelor’s degree. His professional career was extremely exciting. First, a Stanford graduate got a job as a rock cleaner at the mining company Reward Gold Mine. Then British Bewick, Moreing and Company, specializing in gold, hired a 23-year-old Hoover and sent him to Australia. There Hoover gained invaluable experience not only as a geologist, but also as a manager.
Later the specialist received an unexpected offer from the Chinese government. The Chinese wanted to learn modern Western experience. The American was in China when the infamous Boxing Uprising began there. Peasants were against the domination of foreigners and they did not like the missionary activity of Christians. Once Tianjin, in which the Hoovers lived, came under fire. The rebel shells landed in a building across the street from the house of an American engineer. On that day, Herbert, risking his life, rushed into the ruined house and saved a Chinese girl.
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Grover Cleveland – 22nd and 24th president of America

Grover Cleveland - 22nd and 24th president of America

Grover Cleveland – 22nd and 24th president of America


Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd and the 24th president of the United States elected in 1884 and again in 1892. He was the only president ever to be reelected after a defeat.
Stephen Grover Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey. He was the son of a Presbyterian minister. After his father died in 1853, Cleveland supported his mother and sisters.
In 1859 he became a lawyer and soon joined the Democratic Party. Four years later he became the assistant district attorney for Erie County, New York. From 1870 to 1873 he served as county sheriff. In 1881 he was elected mayor of Buffalo and a year later Cleveland was elected governor of New York.
In 1884 the Democrats nominated Cleveland for the presidency.
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Chester Arthur – 21st president of America

Chester Arthur - 21st president of America

Chester Arthur – 21st president of America


Chester Arthur was the twenty-first president of the United States. Many people did not believe that Arthur would make a good president, but he worked hard to gain the public’s respect.
Chester Alan Arthur was born on October 5, 1829, in the village of Fairfield, Vermont. He was the eldest of seven children of a Scotch-Irish Baptist minister. When he was only 15 Chester entered Union College in Schenectady, New York and after graduating at age 18, he studied law while teaching.
In 1859 Arthur married Ellen Lewis Herndon. The couple had three children.
Arthur worked as a lawyer in New York City and became known for his antislavery principles. In his law career he defended the rights of African Americans.
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Charles de Gaulle – French general

Charles de Gaulle - French general

Charles de Gaulle – French general


In France, perhaps, like nowhere else in the world, people have always been able to appreciate the personality. Let’s remember, for example, the Hundred Years’ War. The French nobility was knocked out by English arrows at the Battle of Crecy and Poitiers, the king was in captivity, the country was ruined. And then the knight Bertrand du Guesclin appeared and saved France.
In the 15th century, France was rescued by the Maid of Orleans in knight armor – Joan of Arc. And in the 20th century, Charles de Gaulle turned out to be the savior of France, its brave knight, who allowed the country to preserve its pride and honor…
The father of the future politician, Henri de Gaulle, was a professor of philosophy and literature. His beloved son was born in 1890. Later, Charles de Gaulle wrote: “My father, an educated and thinking man, brought up in certain traditions, was full of faith in the high mission of France”.
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Barack Obama – 44th president of America

Barack Obama - 44th president of America

Barack Obama – 44th president of America


Barack Obama was the first African American to be elected president of the United States. In 2008 he become the country’s 44th president. In 2009 Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Barack Hussein Obama II was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. His mother, who was white, came from Kansas and his father was from Kenya. His parents divorced when the boy was 2 years old. His mother later married a man from Indonesia, and Barack lived in Indonesia between the ages of 6 and 10. Then he lived with his mother’s parents in Hawaii. His father died in 1982 at the age of 46.
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Nelson Mandela – South African leader

Nelson Mandela - South African leader

Nelson Mandela – South African leader

Nelson Mandela fought against apartheid. It was an official policy of the government of South Africa that separated people according to their race and color. During World War II, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC), and later became one of its leaders. They fought for the freedom of the black people in South Africa. In 1962 Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison. The next year, he was found guilty on more charges and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1990 South Africa’s president, F.W. de Klerk, ordered Mandela’s release. De Klerk, together with Mandela, worked to change South Africa into a country where all races would have equal rights. In 1994 Mandela became South Africa’s first black president.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Umtata, South Africa. He was the eldest child of his father’s third wife, Nosekeni Fanny. The boy was called Rolihlahla. He was given the name Nelson Mandela at age seven when he attended a mission school. He became the first member of his family to do so.
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Raul Castro – revolutionary and statesman

Raul Castro - revolutionary and statesman

Raul Castro – revolutionary and statesman

Raul Castro is a Cuban revolutionary and statesman. On February 24, 2008 he became the Head of State and commander in chief of its armed forces and on April 19, 2011 Raul became a leader of the Communist Party of Cuba.
The younger brother and ally of former Cuban leader Fidel Castro, Raul participated in the Cuban revolution of 1959, and after the victory he was appointed the Minister of War of Cuba. In 1965 he became the ruling party deputy head. On July 31, 2006 he actually became a leader of Cuba.
Raul Modesto Castro Ruz was born on June 3, 1931 in Biran, Cuba into a family of large landowner Angel Castro Argiz. His mother, Lina Ruz Gonzalez, was a cook in his father’s estate. She gave birth to five children before Angel Castro married her. Despite the fact that Castro’s parents were illiterate they tried to give good education to their children. Raul graduated from Jesuit College and studied at the University of Havana. From his youth he was actively involved in the youth movement: he was a member of the Union of Socialist Youth, took an active part in the struggle against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista.
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