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Famous people all over the world

Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer

Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer

Lion Feuchtwanger – German writer


Lion Feuchtwanger was a German writer of Jewish origin. He lived and wrote in political exile for the last quarter-century of his life. His masterwork, Success, is one of the great novels of the 20th century.
Lion Feuchtwanger was born on July 7, 1884, in Munich, Germany. He was the son of a wealthy Jewish industrialist. Lion studied philosophy, literature, ancient and modern languages at Berlin and Munich universities. While still a student he composed three short plays – Joel, King Saul, and Uriah’s Wife. From 1908 to 1911 he became a drama critic for Die Schaubühne (The Stage). In 1912 Lion married Martha Loffler.
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Jean Marais – great French actor

Jean Marais - great French actor

Jean Marais – great French actor


Jean Marais was a great French actor, who played many wonderful roles. In addition, he is known as a director, writer, artist, sculptor, stuntman.
Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais was born on December 11, 1913 in Cherbourg into the family of a veterinarian. But he almost did not remember his father, because his parents divorced when he was only five years old. At the age of six little Jean went to the cinema and immediately decided to become an actor. But the dream was not realized at once. He had to work at a small factory. The talented young man didn’t like the life of a simple worker. So, he became a pupil of the photographer. Having received the necessary experience, Jean Marais began to make photo-reports for the Paris fashion magazines and unexpectedly received an offer to work as a demonstrator of fashionable clothes. On the podium Jean felt himself confident.
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Jaroslav Hasek – Czech writer

Jaroslav Hasek - Czech writer

Jaroslav Hasek – Czech writer


Brilliant talent of Jaroslav Hašek brought Czech literature world recognition. He was a Czech satirist writer, anarchist, playwright, journalist, commissar of the Red Army. He was the author of approximately 1500 different stories, feuilletons and other works.
Jaroslav Hašek was born on April 30, 1883 in Prague. At first he worked at a pharmacy. However, instead of daily work, he went on a hiking trip. Together with a company of teenagers he travelled in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Moravia. In 1899 Jaroslav entered the Trade Academy and graduated in 1902. In the same year he began to work in the bank Slavia. He began to work in October and already in the winter he went travelling without telling anyone about this. For the first time the administration of the bank forgave him. However, after a short time, in May 1903 he missed again and was fired.
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Jane Grey – Queen for nine days

Jane Grey - Queen for nine days

Jane Grey – Queen for nine days


Jane Grey stands alone among the monarchs of England. Her reign was too brief from 10 July until 19 July 1553. In folk tales, she is called the Queen for nine days, the first Protestant martyr, the victim of the English Counter-Reformation. In numerous works of the XIX century, Jane Grey is the ideal woman of the Victorian era.
Our heroine was born and lived during the heyday of the Reformation. This period is considered the brightest in the history of Foggy Albion. A quarrel of Henry VIII with the Pope was the beginning. The head of the Roman Catholic Church refused to legalize the divorce of the king with his first wife Catherine of Aragon. The monarch was offended, and in 1534 the parliament decided to free the English church from subjection to Rome. As a result of the Reformation, the state received free land and funds confiscated from the Church. This allowed to equip the fleet, which managed to defeat the Spanish Invincible Armada. England became the mistress of the seas. But it was a time of political instability.
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Andy Warhol – genius consumer

Andy Warhol - genius consumer

Andy Warhol – genius consumer


In Europe and the East, people like to bargain – buy and sell, sell and buy – they are traders by nature. Americans are not so interested in selling – in fact, they will rather throw out than sell. What they really like to do is buy – people, money, countries (The Philosophy of Andy Warhol).
One day, Andy Warhol (originally – Andrew Warhola, the fourth child in a family of immigrants from Eastern Slovakia) was a mediocre advertiser and woke up as a famous artist. He became the leader of American pop art thanks to the series of paintings created on the eve, which depicted bottles of Coca-Cola, various canned food and Campbell’s soup cans. It was simple and primitive, but critics said that the works of the young artist skillfully revealed the vulgarity, emptiness and facelessness of the Western culture of mass consumption.
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Karel Capek – Czech writer

Karel Capek - Czech writer

Karel Capek – Czech writer


Karel Capek is one of the most famous Czech writers of the 20th century. He was a prose writer, playwright, translator, and science fiction writer. He is the author of the famous plays The Makropulos Affair (Věc Makropulos, 1922), The Mother (Matka, 1938), The RUR (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti, 1920), the novels The Factory for the Absolute (Továrna na absolutno, 1922), Krakatit (1922), Hordubal (1933), Meteor (Povětroň, 1934), Ordinary life (Obyčejný život, 1934), The war with Salamanders (Válka s mloky, 1936), The First Rescue (První parta, 1937), The Life and Work of the Composer Foltyn (Život a dílo skladatele Foltýna, 1939, not finished), as well as numerous stories, essays, satirical articles, tales, and travel notes. He was a translator of modern French poetry.
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Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death


Josef Mengele was a German physician. During the last two years of World War II he conducted medical experiments. Mengele sent tens of thousands of Jews to the gas chambers at Auschwitz, a concentration camp in Poland. He was never apprehended and thus was never prosecuted as a war criminal.
Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 in Bavaria. He was the son of an agricultural machinery manufacturer. Josef was a promising and ambitious student. In 1938, he received his doctorate in medicine. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, director of the Frankfurt University Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene, made Mengele his assistant. Mengele focused his work on twins, because they were especially suited for genetics research.
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Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer


Ray Bradbury is a great science fiction writer known for the dystopia Fahrenheit 451, the cycle of short stories Martian Chronicles and partly autobiographical novel Dandelion Wine. He created lasting images of a futuristic world. Over the course of a long career he had written over 500 works, including short stories, poems, novels, and plays for theater and television. Bradbury described himself as a fantasist rather than a science fiction writer.
Raymond Douglas Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. Then his family moved to Los Angeles, where he graduated from high school in 1938. He was the third son of Spaulding Bradbury and Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury. It is interesting that the boy received his second name Douglas in honor of the famous actor Douglas Fairbanks.
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Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot


Valery Chkalov was a legendary Soviet test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, who made the first non-stop flight across the North Pole.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was born in 1904 in the village of Vasilyovo, Nizhny Novgorod province. It is interesting that now this place has received not only the status of the city, but also a new name in honor of the great pilot. Valera’s parents were ordinary people. His father worked as a boilermaker at the shipyard, and his mother was a housewife. Unfortunately, she died when her son was 6 years old. After school Chkalov went to the Cherepovets Technical School, but due to lack of finance, the school was liquidated. Valery returned to his father and began to work as a stoker on the steamer. In 1919 he saw the plane with his own eyes and began to dream of flying machines.
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Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer


Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a British author and physician who popularized the detective genre of literature. He is remembered more for his brilliant detective character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh. He was the eldest son of Charles Altimont Doyle and his wife, Mary Foley.
In 1869, Doyle was enrolled in Hodder Preparatory, a Jesuit school in Lancashire. Two years later he attended the Jesuit college, Stonyhurst School. He traveled to Austria, where he spent a year studying German. In 1876, he entered Edinburgh University to study medicine. In his third year in medical school Doyle began to write fiction to support himself. In 1885 he received a doctor of medicine degree. Doyle worked as a ship’s doctor.
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