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Famous people all over the world

Karel Capek – Czech writer

Karel Capek - Czech writer

Karel Capek – Czech writer


Karel Capek is one of the most famous Czech writers of the 20th century. He was a prose writer, playwright, translator, and science fiction writer. He is the author of the famous plays The Makropulos Affair (Věc Makropulos, 1922), The Mother (Matka, 1938), The RUR (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti, 1920), the novels The Factory for the Absolute (Továrna na absolutno, 1922), Krakatit (1922), Hordubal (1933), Meteor (Povětroň, 1934), Ordinary life (Obyčejný život, 1934), The war with Salamanders (Válka s mloky, 1936), The First Rescue (První parta, 1937), The Life and Work of the Composer Foltyn (Život a dílo skladatele Foltýna, 1939, not finished), as well as numerous stories, essays, satirical articles, tales, and travel notes. He was a translator of modern French poetry.
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Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death

Josef Mengele – Angel of Death


Josef Mengele was a German physician. During the last two years of World War II he conducted medical experiments. Mengele sent tens of thousands of Jews to the gas chambers at Auschwitz, a concentration camp in Poland. He was never apprehended and thus was never prosecuted as a war criminal.
Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 in Bavaria. He was the son of an agricultural machinery manufacturer. Josef was a promising and ambitious student. In 1938, he received his doctorate in medicine. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, director of the Frankfurt University Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene, made Mengele his assistant. Mengele focused his work on twins, because they were especially suited for genetics research.
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Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer

Ray Bradbury – great writer


Ray Bradbury is a great science fiction writer known for the dystopia Fahrenheit 451, the cycle of short stories Martian Chronicles and partly autobiographical novel Dandelion Wine. He created lasting images of a futuristic world. Over the course of a long career he had written over 500 works, including short stories, poems, novels, and plays for theater and television. Bradbury described himself as a fantasist rather than a science fiction writer.
Raymond Douglas Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. Then his family moved to Los Angeles, where he graduated from high school in 1938. He was the third son of Spaulding Bradbury and Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury. It is interesting that the boy received his second name Douglas in honor of the famous actor Douglas Fairbanks.
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Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot

Valery Chkalov – hooligan pilot


Valery Chkalov was a legendary Soviet test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, who made the first non-stop flight across the North Pole.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was born in 1904 in the village of Vasilyovo, Nizhny Novgorod province. It is interesting that now this place has received not only the status of the city, but also a new name in honor of the great pilot. Valera’s parents were ordinary people. His father worked as a boilermaker at the shipyard, and his mother was a housewife. Unfortunately, she died when her son was 6 years old. After school Chkalov went to the Cherepovets Technical School, but due to lack of finance, the school was liquidated. Valery returned to his father and began to work as a stoker on the steamer. In 1919 he saw the plane with his own eyes and began to dream of flying machines.
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Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer

Arthur Conan Doyle – great writer


Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a British author and physician who popularized the detective genre of literature. He is remembered more for his brilliant detective character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh. He was the eldest son of Charles Altimont Doyle and his wife, Mary Foley.
In 1869, Doyle was enrolled in Hodder Preparatory, a Jesuit school in Lancashire. Two years later he attended the Jesuit college, Stonyhurst School. He traveled to Austria, where he spent a year studying German. In 1876, he entered Edinburgh University to study medicine. In his third year in medical school Doyle began to write fiction to support himself. In 1885 he received a doctor of medicine degree. Doyle worked as a ship’s doctor.
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Ivan Aivazovsky – Maestro Hovhannes

Ivan Aivazovsky - Maestro Hovhannes

Ivan Aivazovsky – Maestro Hovhannes


In the XIX century, a man at the age of 65 was considered an old man. And such an old man, with money and recognition of the public, fell in love. Hovhannes Ayvazyan really fell in love. However, to the whole world this brilliant artist is known under the name Ivan Aivazovsky. So, the great master met his future wife Anna Sarkisova-Burnazyan in the summer of 1882 in Feodosia at… a funeral. A beautiful young widow walked behind the coffin of her husband, a famous merchant. The beauty of a young woman astonished Ivan Konstantinovich. A year later they got married. Today you can see a portrait of Anna in the Feodosia Art Gallery.
Who was the artist Aivazovsky? The whole life of Ivan Aivazovsky, apart from staying abroad and studying at the Petersburg Academy of Arts, was connected with the south of Russia and Ukraine.
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D. W. Griffith – American film maker

D. W. Griffith - American film maker

D. W. Griffith – American film maker


D. W. Griffith was an American film maker, who invented much of the basic technical grammar of modern cinema.
David Wark Griffith was born on January 22, 1875 at Crestwood, Oldham County, Kentucky. At the age of 18 he became an actor in Louisville. He was a supporting player in provincial companies for 10 years performing under the stage name Lawrence Griffith. In 1906 he secretly married actress Linda Arvidson Johnson. However, they parted 5 years later.
In 1907 Griffith sold a poem to Frank Leslie’s Weekly and a play, A Fool and a Girl, to actor James K. Hackett. The play failed and Griffith decided to try his hand in the movie business.
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Gustave Flaubert – French novelist

Gustave Flaubert - French novelist

Gustave Flaubert – French novelist

Gustave Flaubert was a French novelist. His most famous work is the novel Madame Bovary (1857), which describes discontented life of a provincial wife. Flaubert influenced many other writers, including Joseph Conrad and the Italian novelist Giovanni Verga. Flaubert developed a new school of writing known as realism. The author portrays real-life scenarios and does not judge the character, but leaves the reader to do so.
Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen into the family of doctors. His father was a successful surgeon. At the age of 15, Flaubert fell platonically in love with an older married woman, Elisa Schlesinger, and remembered her ever after as a pure and unsullied love.
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Hermann Göring – German politician

Hermann Göring - German politician

Hermann Göring – German politician


Hermann Göring was a German politician and air force commander. He was second in command to Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring was born on January 12, 1893 in Rosenheim, Bavaria. He was the son of the consul general of the German Empire in Haiti. Hermann was educated in the military school. In October 1915 Göring became a fighter pilot and by 1918 he had won all the important military awards.
After the war he went to Denmark to fly as a private pilot. Göring met Hitler when he returned to Germany in 1922. Hermann became commander of the Nazi storm troopers. In November 1923, he received a painful injury which brought on his first drug addiction.
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Alexander Scriabin – great musician

Alexander Scriabin - great musician

Alexander Scriabin – great musician


Alexander Scriabin was a Russian composer and pianist, teacher, representative of symbolism in music. He did not have an absolute hearing and did not have the highest level of musical memory. But he was a genius! Moreover, he, like Columbus, opened a new continent – the Synthesis of the Arts.
Alexander Nikolaevich Scriabin was born on January 6, 1872 in Moscow.
If the universe is a huge ocean of energies that pierce us, then under some conditions it can be perceived. To do this, we must turn off the “thunder of reason” and give ourselves to the power of the unconscious. This connects us to the space. Scriabin was able to turn off the “thunder of reason” and received divine chords in return.
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