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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: Adventurers

Bartolomeu Dias – Portuguese explorer

Bartolomeu Dias – Portuguese explorer

Bartolomeu Dias – Portuguese explorer


Bartolomeu Dias was a Portuguese explorer who discovered the Cape of Good Hope and opened the sea route to the Indian Ocean. He was the first European to round the South Africa. He was one of the most important European explorers before Christopher Columbus.
Bartolomeu Dias de Novais (sometimes spelled Bartholomew Diaz) was born in about 1450 near Lisbon, Portugal. Very little is known about Dias’s early life. De Novais usually added to his name was first documented in 1571, when King Sebastian I appointed his grandson, Paulo Dias de Novais a governor of Angola.
In his youth, Dias studied mathematics and astronomy at the University of Lisbon.
In 1487 Bartolomeu Dias sailed from Portugal with orders from King John II to continue exploration of a landmark on the coast of South-West Africa. The King wanted Dias to discover a sea route to India and to seek information about the Christian empire of Abyssinia.
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William Frederick Cody – Buffalo Bill

William Frederick Cody - Buffalo Bill

William Frederick Cody – Buffalo Bill

William Frederick Cody was better known as Buffalo Bill. Cody’s career was romanticized in story and song until he became a legend in his own time. He was a folk hero of the American West.
He also produced a famous show about the Wild West.
Cody was born on February 26, 1846 in Iowa. He grew up in Kansas. He was a strong, active boy who liked to hold western shows in a neighbor’s pasture, using an old black mare as his only animal.
When Billy was ten he witnessed his father being stabbed in a fight by drunken men. In 1857, his dad died. The boy got a job herding cattle to support his mother. At the age of eleven Bill Cody killed his first Indian and became a hero in the eyes of older men.
At the age of 14 he started working for the Pony Express, a service that delivered mail on horseback.
In the 1860s Cody served in the American Civil War and scouted for the U.S. Army. As a scout he roamed around to gather information about the Native Americans. He got the nickname Buffalo Bill for shooting thousands of buffalo to feed railroad workers.
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Robert Falcon Scott – polar explorer

Robert Falcon Scott – polar explorer

Robert Falcon Scott – polar explorer

Robert Falcon Scott was a naval officer, the most famous British polar explorer. He made monumental scientific findings in Antarctica. He led two expeditions to the Antarctic; on the second expedition, Scott wanted to get to the South Pole. The journey began on 1st November, 1911. Two months later, after delays caused by bad weather and ill health, Scott began the last part of his journey. One of his four companions was Edward Wilson, who was also with him on the first polar expedition. On 16th January, when they were near the Pole, they saw the Norwegian flag. Roald Amundsen had arrived a month before them. All five men died on the way back to their ship, The Terra Nova.
Robert was born on June 6, 1868 in Devonport, Devon.
In 1880 he entered the naval college, and 2 years later became a midshipman. In 1897 he was promoted to first lieutenant.
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Edmund Hillary – first man to climb Mount Everest

Edmund Hillary – first man to climb Mount Everest

Edmund Hillary – first man to climb Mount Everest

Edmund Hillary was one of the greatest explorers and mountaineers of the 20th century. He was the first man to climb Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth. He made three visits to the Himalayas before trying to climb the world’s highest mountain. On 29th May, 1953 (the same day as Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation), Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, one of the Sherpas (local people who carry equipment on Himalayan expeditions), reached the top of Everest.
Edmund Percival Hillary was born on July 20, 1919 in Auckland, New Zealand. He discovered his joy in the mountains on a school trip to Mount Ruapehu, and it never left him.
During the 1940s he made many climbs in New Zealand, particularly in the Southern Alps.
In 1953 he got the invitation to join Sir John Hunt’s expedition to Everest. The group left Kathmandu, Nepal, on March 10, 1953. On May 29, Hillary and Tenzing reached the peak.
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Howard Hughes – The Amazing Mr. Hughes

Howard Hughes - The Amazing Mr. Hughes

Howard Hughes – The Amazing Mr. Hughes

Howard Hughes was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time. He was an industrialist, director, Hollywood producer, and aviator.
Howard was born in 1905 in Houston, Texas. His father started the Hughes Tool Company. From his father, Howard learned to be a successful but ruthless businessman. Howard was the only child in the family. His mother, Allene, had mental problems and was afraid of germs and disease. She was obsessed with Howard’s health, and he became obsessed with it too. He attended private schools in California and Massachusetts, Rice Institute in Houston, and the California Institute of Technology. His mother died when Hughes was 16 and his father when he was 18. After his parents death Howard inherited Hughes Tool Company.
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Jane Goodall – woman who lived with chimpanzees

Jane Goodall - woman who lived with chimpanzees

Jane Goodall – woman who lived with chimpanzees

Jane Goodall is the British scientist, primatologist and ethnologist, known for her research on chimpanzees. Her discoveries changed the way chimpanzees are studied and understood.
Dame Valerie Jane Morris Goodall was born on April 3, 1934, in London, England. When she was two years old, her father gave her a toy chimpanzee named Jubilee. It was her favorite toy. In her childhood Jane dreamed of living in the African forests among the animals.
Goodall attended the Uplands private school, receiving her school certificate in 1950 and a higher certificate in 1952. At age eighteen she left school and found employment as a secretary at Oxford University.
In 1957, when she was about 23 years old, a school friend invited Goodall to Kenya, Africa. There she met the famous scientist Dr. Louis Leakey. Leakey was studying wild chimpanzees in order to find out more about the origins of human life.
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Henry Box Brown

Henry Box Brown

Henry Box Brown


Henry Brown was born a slave in 1815 in Virginia. He spent his early life on a rural tobacco plantation. In 1830 he was moved to Richmond.
He married a fellow slave and they had three children. One day the owner of his wife decided to sell her and the children to a different slave owner and they were sent to North Carolina.
It was then that Brown determined to escape from slavery. He decided to send himself by mail to one of the northern states, where there was no slavery. At the end of March 1849 with the help of a friendly merchant Henry packed himself in a wooden box which was sent by Adams Express Company, known for its efficiency and confidentiality. Brown took food and some water with him. During the trip his box was transported by wagon, railroad, steamboat, wagon again, railroad, ferry, railroad, and finally delivery wagon.
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