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Famous people all over the world

Category Archive: History

Johann Strauss Jr – Waltz King

Johann Strauss Jr - Waltz King

Johann Strauss Jr – Waltz King

Johann Strauss Jr. was Vienna’s greatest composer of light music. He is known for his waltzes and operettas.
Johann Strauss, Jr., was the eldest son of Johann Strauss, Sr., a famous composer and conductor, known as “the father of the waltz.” Johann composed his first waltz at the age of 6. At the age of 19 he organized his own small orchestra, which performed some of his compositions in a restaurant in Hietzing.
Strauss toured throughout Europe and England with great success and also went to America. He was the official conductor of the court balls in Vienna (1863-1870) and during this time composed his most famous waltzes.
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Alexander Hamilton – first U.S. treasury secretary

Alexander Hamilton - first U.S. treasury secretary

Alexander Hamilton – first U.S. treasury secretary


Alexander Hamilton was one of the youngest and brightest of the founders of the United States. He was the first secretary of the treasury. He worked to create a strong U.S. government.
Hamilton was born on January 11, probably in 1755, in the British West Indies. He was the illegitimate son of James Hamilton, a Scotsman, and Rachel Fawcett Lavien, daughter of a French Huguenot physician. At the age of 12 he worked as a clerk in a trading firm in St. Croix. The boy went to school in New Jersey and New York. In 1776 he left college without graduating. Hamilton joined the military during the American Revolution. From 1777 to 1781 he served with General George Washington. Noticed by Washington, Hamilton became the general’s trusted aide-de-camp. After the war Hamilton became a lawyer.
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French king Charles VII

French king Charles VII. 1403

French king Charles VII. 1403


The French king Charles VII ruled from 1422 to 1461. His reign witnessed the expulsion of the English from France and the reestablishment of a strong French monarchy after the disasters of the Hundred Years War, 1337-1453.
Charles VII was born on February 22, 1403. He was the son of Charles VI and Isabelle of Bavaria. His father suffered from recurrent madness and implied that Charles was illegitimate.
Charles VI died in 1422 and Charles VII became the “king of Bourges”. Charles was sickly, physically weak, and personally unattractive.
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Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror

Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror

Alexander the Great – Greek king and conqueror


Alexander III, king of Macedonia, is known as Alexander the Great. He reigned over Greece, conquered the Persians, and marched as far as what are now known as Egypt, India, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. He succeeded in forging the largest Western empire of the ancient world.
Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the capital of Macedonia. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, gave him lessons. The boy’s main interest was war.
In 338 BC Alexander’s father, Philip II, brought all the Greek city-states except Sparta under his rule. Young Alexander commanded one part of the Macedonian army.
Philip II was killed in 336 BC and 20-year-old Alexander became king.
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Elizabeth Cady Stanton – writer and reformer

Elizabeth Cady Stanton - writer and reformer

Elizabeth Cady Stanton – writer and reformer


Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a writer and reformer. She helped to start the women’s rights movement in the United States. She fought to give women the right to vote in elections. Stanton was perhaps the most gifted and versatile feminist leader in American history.
Elizabeth Cady was born on November 12, 1815 in Johnstown, New York, into the family of a judge. She was the eighth of eleven children of Daniel Cady and Margaret Livingston Cady; five of her brothers and sisters died at an early age.
She was a clever girl, but couldn’t go to college, because colleges did not accept women then. Elizabeth attended Troy Female Seminary in New York. In 1840 she married a lawyer and abolitionist leader Henry Stanton. Between 1842 and 1856, the couple had six children. The seventh, unplanned, was born in 1859, when Elizabeth was 44 years old.
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Davy Crockett – American frontiersman

Davy Crockett - American frontiersman

Davy Crockett – American frontiersman


Davy Crockett was famous as a fighter, lawmaker, and frontiersman in a coonskin cap. During his own lifetime he became a celebrity and folk hero. After his death he became a symbol of the American spirit.
David Crockett was born on August 17, 1786, in Hawkings County, eastern Tennessee. At age 12 he went to work as a cattle driver to help support his family. He also became an excellent rifleman and hunter. Crockett worked and traveled throughout Virginia. Several years later he decided that his lack of education limited his marriage possibilities, and he arranged to work 6 months for a nearby Quaker teacher. In return Crockett received 4 days a week of instruction. He learned to read and to write a little.
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Francis Drake – English navigator

Francis Drake - English navigator

Francis Drake – English navigator


Sir Francis Drake was an English navigator, corsair, vice-admiral. He was the first Englishman who circumnavigated the world (in 1577-1580). He opened the Pacific Ocean to English ships. He also defeated the Spanish fleet (Invincible Armada) in the Battle of Gravelines (1588). Thanks to the skillful actions of Drake, the British managed to gain an advantage over the superior firepower of the enemy forces.
Francis Drake was born in 1540 in Devonshire in the family of farmer Edmund Drake, who later became a priest. The family had twelve children, Francis was the eldest. In 1549 the Drake family moved to Kent. At the age of 12, he became a cabin boy on a merchant ship. His distant relative was the owner of the ship and after his death 18-year-old Drake became a captain.
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